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Sikule in Indonesia


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Sikule in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
28,000 Sikule Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Sikule in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Sikhule people are also called Sikule, Salang, Sigulai, Simeulue Barat Wali Banua. Most of them live in the districts of Simeulue Barat, Alafan, and Salang. Their language is called Sikule or Sigulai.

In addition to Sikule language, the Sikhule people also utilize two other languages: Devayan and Leukon. Devayan is used predominantly by the people living in Simeulue Timur, Teupah Selatan, Teupah Barat, Simeulue Tengah and Teluk Dalam. Leukon is used especially by the people of Desa Langi and Lafakh in Alafan District. Apart from these languages, many Sikhule people also use Jamee (or Jamu) language as a means of communicating with other groups living in Simeulue. This language was originally brought in by immigrants who were Minangkabau or Mandailing people.

What are their lives like?
The people in the Simeulue islands have their own culture and tradition, distinct from the Aceh living on the big island of Sumatra. One noteworthy cultural heritage is Nandong performance. It involves singing out speech, accompanied by percussive instruments and bowed viola. Nandong is only performed throughout the night, during special ceremonies of importance.
Another distinctive Simeulue cultural form, which is a matter of local pride, is called debus. It is a martial art form, in which defendants are reputed to be able to make their bodies immune from stabbing by swords, rencongs, bamboo, or other sharp objects. Masters of debus have been invited to demonstrate this unique ability internationally.

Simeulue has three main industries: fishing, farming, and tourism. Fishing alone, even though it is seasonal, can provide the bulk of their economic opportunity. Not only does this area attract bountiful quantities of fish, but is also known for abundance of lobster. Farming is also quite good for many as a supplement to fishing. Tourism is a relatively new industry for Simeulue, and is rapidly growing because the government of Aceh has been promoting Simeulue's tourism potential with various surfing events.

Simeulue is famous for expansive peaceful beaches and tall waves which have become a type of heaven for surfers. The influx of surfers gives local people opportunity for many supporting businesses, such as restaurants, hotels, and souvenir sales.

What are their beliefs?
Although most people of Simeulue are Muslim, many are still influenced by animism and various types of superstition. Most of the animistic practices focus on seeking protection through supernatural power. This is accomplished by trying to control or appease both good and evil spirits.

What are their needs?
Needs specific to the Sikhule (but also appropriate for all of Simeulue) are promotion of tourism and help to maximize the massive fishing industry. Training in business would also be very helpful for them.

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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Sumatra, Aceh Province. Simeulue archipelago; central portion, Simeulue island.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Sikule
People Name General: Sikule
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 108996
Joshua Project People ID: 14171
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 28,000
Population all Countries: 28,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Batak-Nias of Sumatra
People Name General: Sikule
Ethnic Code: MSY44b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Sikule (28,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): skh    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions20.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam80.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent10.00 %
Protestant80.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic10.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Sikule in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Batak-Nias of Sumatra     Asia, Southeast    
      Sikule Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Sikule in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Sikule  
    All Religions                              

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