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Pacoh in Laos


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Pacoh in Laos map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
23,000 Pacoh Ethnic Religions 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Pacoh in Laos

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Introduction / History
Thirteen thousand, two hundred members of the Pacoh ethnic group were counted in the 1995 Lao census. They live in an extremely remote mountainous area near the Vietnam border. At least several thousand Pacoh are also located inside Vietnam, where they are part of the official Ta Oi minority.

In Laos, the Pacoh inhabit the northern part of Saravan Province (Samouay District) and the southern part of Savannakhet Province (Nong District).

The Pacoh, whose name may mean 'mountaineers', are slash-and-burn agriculturists. They do not know how to weave, so they buy their clothing from the Kantua and other groups.

The Pacoh language is part of the Eastern Mon-Khmer linguistic branch. About 70% of Pacoh are mono-lingual, meaning they cannot speak any other language except their own. Only about 15-25% of Pacoh adults are able to read.

The Pacoh live in stilted houses in groups of ten homes, called vel. Each village has a communal house where social activities take place. Men go there to drink, receive guests, and boast about their hunting achievements.

After a long day in the field, the Pacoh love to come together and relax with singing and dancing. Traditional songs, called oat, express their joys and sorrows. They sing of the struggles their forefathers endured and the oppression and hostility they have faced from other ethnic groups who desired to take them as slaves. They have many poems, proverbs and puzzles that tell of the struggle between good and evil, and the true love and dedication between men and women.

The Pacoh are animists. Sprit-houses are constructed on the outskirts of every village. The Pacoh pray to numerous gods, ghosts and deities for the protection and blessing of their communities, harvests and animals.

Although there are about 100 Pacoh Christians in Vietnam, none of their counterparts in Laos have believed. The Gospels of Mark and John were translated into Pacoh by missionaries in 1965, but it is not known how many Pacoh in Laos could read it. The Pacoh are a needy, unreached people.

Prayer Points
* Pray for light of the Gospel to clearly shine among them.
* Ask the Lord of Lords to glorify Himself among the Pacoh.
* Pray for a turning to Christ to occur among the superstitious Pacoh people in both Laos and Vietnam.
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.

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Country: Laos
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:20 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Saravan and Savannakhet provinces, Samouay and Nong districts.
(Source: Faces of the Unreached in Laos, 1999)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Pacoh
People Name General: Pacoh
Alternate People Names:
BoBo River Van Kieu
PakoRiver Van Kieu
Ta-ôiVan Kieu
ROP3 Code: 107730
Joshua Project People ID: 14249
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 23,000
Population all Countries: 42,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Mon-Khmer
People Name General: Pacoh
Ethnic Code: AUG03z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Pacoh (23,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pac    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Pahi
Dialect Code:15392
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions100.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1965-1977
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsSounds of Vietnam
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Pacoh in Laos

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Mon-Khmer     Asia, Southeast    
      Pacoh Laos    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Pacoh in Laos          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Pacoh  
    All Religions                              

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