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Pinuyumayan in Taiwan


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
14,000 Puyuma Christianity 70.00 % 18.00 % No No   

Pinuyumayan in Taiwan

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Introduction / History
The Pyuma are an Austronesian minority who reside in Taitung County, Taiwan. The Pyuma were traditionally hunters and farmers. Since the seventeenth century, there has been substantial contact between Pyuma and outsiders. Over the last two hundred years Han Chinese immigrated to the Pyuma area and authorities established government offices and schools in Pyuma communities. The influx of Han settlers correlates with the decreased use of the Pyuma language and the increased use of the Taiwanese, Japanese, and Mandarin languages by the Pyuma people. Pyuma language recession was noted in the first decade of the twentieth century.

Since the 1960s, the Pyuma have become increasingly integrated into Taiwan society. Migration of Pyuma to the cities mirrors the Taiwan business cycle. When there is an economic downturn, Pyuma return to their homeland area to farm. Since Taiwan's admission to the WTO in 2002, farming is no longer a viable option. Pyuma constitute a numerical minority even in their traditional communities.

Most Pyuma choose to speak Mandarin. Taiwanese is also widely spoken. Despite token mother tongue classes in local schools, there is no evidence that children are acquiring proficiency in Pyuma. In fact, younger Pyuma seem disinterested in the language. For most, the perceived benefits of Mandarin and Taiwanese (prestige and access to educational and economic opportunities) outweigh the perceived benefits of Pyuma. The Pyuma were first evangelized by Taiwanese pastors in the 1950s. At present there are 6 cell groups and churches in Pyuma villages. The Gospel of Mark was translated into Pyuma using kanji script in the late 1980s, but due to a lack of interest the translation was not distributed for general use. A revision process that includes the adoption of Roman script was recently begun. With the exception of a few elderly individuals, Pyuma are proficient enough in Mandarin to benefit from an existing Chinese translation of the Scriptures.

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Country: Taiwan
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Taitung county: southeast coast and inland.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Pinuyumayan
People Name General: Pinuyumayan
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 108214
Joshua Project People ID: 14494
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 14,000
Population all Countries: 14,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Taiwan Indigenous
People Name General: Pinuyumayan
Ethnic Code: AUG01a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Puyuma (14,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pyu    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Sub-division:Protestant
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity70.00 %(Evangelical: 18.00 %)
Ethnic Religions30.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent25.00 %
Protestant40.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic35.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a significant presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1990
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Pinuyumayan in Taiwan

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Taiwan Indigenous     Asia, Northeast    
      Pinuyumayan Taiwan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Pinuyumayan in Taiwan          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Puyuma  
    All Religions                              

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