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Ranau in Indonesia


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Ranau in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
68,000 Lampung Api Islam 0.05 % 0.00 %   

Ranau in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Ranau are a group who live near Lake Ranau in South Sumatra. The Ranau live in a few villages in South Ogan Komering Ulu regency, in Banding Agung subdistrict. In their area, the Ranau live near Javanese, Daya, Komering and a few Chinese people who have lived in the area for several generations and mixed with the rest of the population. Linguistically, the Ranau speak a dialect of the Lampung Api language. They are able to understand the Komering, Daya and some other related languages. Ethnically, however, they identify with the Lampung Pesisir people but not with the Daya or Komering people. Some Ranau people are also able to speak the Palembang trade language fairly well.

What are their lives like?
The Ranau people live in a beautiful mountain area made even more beautiful by their large lake. The name Ranau comes from the local word for "lake", which then became the name for the people living around the lake. The lake is the center of the area. About once every year liquid sulfur comes out of the center of the lake bottom, causing many of the fish to become sick or die. There is a hot spring on one of the shores of the lake. The lake has been made into a tourist destination by the government. There is an unmaintained airfield nearby. There are also several motels in the area. The Ranau area is very fertile and the large tracts of forest help the area maintain a natural feeling. The primary means of income among the Ranau is growing coffee and tobacco. There are many coffee plantations spread across the area. Coffee is the chief agricultural commodity for the people in the highlands of South Sumatra. The Ranau often carry a keris (small knife), reflected by the proverb "your weapon is your clothing". Keris is also called "dengasanak" which means older brother who protects. In a Ranau wedding, a keris is placed on a tray and is given by the groom to the bride, as a sign of his oath to protect her with all his strength.

What are their beliefs?
Due to the influence of other people groups in South Sumatra, most of the Ranau are Muslim. However their form of Islam is more a tradition passed down through the family rather than based on personal belief. As a result, it's not strange to find many people who believe in superstitions and sacred objects and places, or who still practice magic arts. According to their beliefs, the number of children in a home needs to be an odd number in order to bring blessing to the home. Islam in Ranau is part of the Nahdatul Ulama group (Association of Muslim Scholars). But only a small number of the people are faithful in practicing their Islamic rituals. Even so, converting to another religion is strictly forbidden, even in cases of marriage to someone from another faith. Marriages have to be conducted according to Islamic custom. Ranau people are not allowed to follow religions like Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity. Even the Islamic sect Muhamadiyah is off limits for Ranau people. This is done in order to hold to the form of religion held by their ancestors - not so much to keep Islamic beliefs alive and well.

What are their needs?
In the villages, most families experience cases of infant and child mortality quite often, even up to 50%. A family may have seven children with four of them not surviving. Some villages have infrastructure such as clinics with staff midwives, but better healthcare is a major need in the area.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-06-18
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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Southernmost Sumatra island, 3 provinces, many communities near or on Selat Sunda, west, central, and south Lampung Province, regencies: Lampung Barat and Tanggamus, southwest coast and coastline around Semangko bay, Way Kanan, Lampung Utara, and Pringsewu, inland, southeast tip, Lampung Selatan, east coast of Lampung bay and nearby islands Sebuku, Sebesi, Tabuan, and Legundi; Sumatera Selatan Province, Ogan Komering Ulu Selatan, Ogan Komering Ulu Timur, and Ogan Komering Ulu regencies, near headwaters of Kanan river; south Bengkulu Province, Kaur regency.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Ranau
People Name General: Ranau
ROP3 Code: 108294
Joshua Project People ID: 14518
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 68,000
Population all Countries: 68,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Lampung of Sumatra
People Name General: Ranau
Ethnic Code: MSY44k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Lampung Api (68,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ljp    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Ranau
Dialect Code:15925
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.05 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam89.95 % 
Non-Religious10.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant100.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1999-2000
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoCondemnation or Forgiveness
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Lampung Api
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Ranau in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Lampung of Sumatra     Asia, Southeast    
      Ranau Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Ranau in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Lampung Api  
    All Religions                              

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