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Quichua, Saraguro Highland in Ecuador

Quichua, Saraguro Highland

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
43,000 Quichua, Loja Highland Christianity 90.00 % 1.00 % No No   

Quichua, Saraguro Highland in Ecuador

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Introduction / History
A description by Father Pedro Arias Dávila (1582):

"In the same way they brought war to a province called Saraguros, which is 7 leagues and 8 from this land; the reason, because they were friends of the Spanish, and these Saraguros not, but that beforehand many Spanish killed them in ambushes and on roads, and gave war to these and to Canaribamba; because these did not serve the Spanish. This is the reason for there being today so few Indians.

Where are they located?
The Saraguro live in the Andean highlands of southern Ecuador, primarily in Loja province, Ecuador, with smaller numbers in the province of Zamora Chinchipe.

What are their lives like?
Their primary language is Spanish, but Quichua is still spoken by older people.

"Traditionally, the Saraguro were self-sufficient agro-pastoralists. Most Saraguros were able to provide much of their food needs such as maize, potatoes, beans, squash, oca and melloco. Their clothing was primarily made from wool sheared from their own herds of sheep. In addition to cattle and sheep, Saraguros raised guinea pigs, chickens and guard dogs; many also raised a few pigs and horses or mules. A few Saraguros supplemented their agro-pastoral incomes by selling or bartering textiles, baskets, mats and pottery by offering their services as curers, and by employment as unskilled or semi-skilled laborers. Few Saraguros had an education and access to medicine was limited." 1

"Today, Saraguros are carpenters and shoe makers, nuns, doctors, dentists, nurses, veterinarians, lawyers, musicians, elected officials in government, shop owners, gold-camp laborers, construction laborers, maids, mechanics, welders and teachers. Some Saraguros have continued their agro-pastoral activities, but access to a wider range of occupations, political power, medical care and education and to travel have changed the Saraguro way of life." 1, 2

They are generally a courteous and respectful people, conservative and timid towards outsiders, independent and self-sufficient, responsible and autonomous from an early age. Life is centred around the nuclear (immediate) family with gender-equality. Their identity is connected with their clothes and beliefs, not their language.

What are their beliefs?
They are generally devout Catholics with an impersonal and vague knowledge of God. However, their beliefs are syncretistic. They are devoted to the Virgen of Cisne, a so-called post-biblical apparition of Mary in Loja province. The sun-god, Inti is very prominent in their lives. They practice the veneration and placation of an array of saints, nature spirits (such as that of the earth, the moon, maize) and demons.

Prayer Points
* Pray for full time workers both Ecuadorian and international.
* Pray for the struggling evangelical churches to be revived and strengthened. They are what the general Saraguro population sees as the representation of Christianity.
* Pray that the Holy Spirit would open the hearts of the people to the gospel.
* Pray for completion of Bible translation in this people group's primary language.
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.

References
Sources:
1. http://goo.gl/sWTCg
2. http://www.saraguro.org/overview.htm

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Country: Ecuador
Continent: South America
Region: America, Latin
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Azuay province; El Oro province: Portovelo and Zeruma cantons; Loja province: Sarragaro area; Zamora-Chinchipe province: Yacuambi canton, sizable community in Zamora city; southern highlands.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Quichua, Saraguro Highland
People Name General: Quichua, Saraguro Highland
Alternate People Names:
LojaSaraguro Highland Quichua
ROP3 Code: 108713
Joshua Project People ID: 14764
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 43,000
Population all Countries: 43,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Latin-Caribbean Americans
People Cluster: Quechua
People Name General: Quichua, Saraguro Highland
Ethnic Code: MIR39g
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Quichua, Loja Highland (43,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): qvj    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Sub-division:Roman Catholic
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity90.00 %(Evangelical: 1.00 %)
Ethnic Religions10.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant10.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian10.00 %
Roman Catholic80.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a larger relative representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1986
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Quichua, Saraguro Highland in Ecuador

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Quechua     America, Latin    
     
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      Quichua, Saraguro Highland Ecuador    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Quichua, Saraguro Highland in Ecuador          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Quichua, Loja Highland  
    Global    
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=14764&rog3=EC