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Somali in Tanzania

Somali

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
66,000 Somali Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Somali in Tanzania

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Introduction / History
Several million Somali live scattered across eight countries in the northeastern portion of Africa, commonly called the "Horn of Africa," and in the Middle East. They are one of the most homogenous people groups in Africa, speaking a common language, adhering to a single faith, and sharing a cultural heritage.

Somalis first appeared in Africa around 1200 A.D., and began expanding westward and southward about 150 years later. They converted to Islam around 1550, under the influence of Arab traders. Today, many semi-nomadic Somalis live in northern Tanzania. This territory is characterized by its dry climate and sparse vegetation.

The United Republic of Tanzania is an East African country, located just south of the equator. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean on the east, and seven African nations, including Kenya, to the west. It has a developing economy based on agriculture.

What are their lives like?
Somali society is based on the nuclear family, which consists of a husband, wife, and children. The man is the head of his household and has the right to be married to four wives. The women are responsible for raising the children, although the men do take part in their religious training. Respect for one's elders and maintaining integrity are strongly emphasized.

A typical family owns a herd of sheep or goats and a few burden camels. The more camels a man has, the greater his prestige. The men's duties include herding and milking the camels, while the women and children tend to the sheep and goats. Both men and women help with the farming.

Most of the crops that are raised are for family consumption; however, the sale of surplus items in small markets provides important additional income for most families.

The nomads travel from place to place according to the needs of their herds. They live in portable huts made of wooden branches covered with skins or grass mats. The huts are easily collapsible so that they can be loaded on pack animals and quickly moved. Their diet includes milk, camel and goat meat, rice, and other grains. Tea is also a favorite drink.

Typically, the Somali wear brightly colored cloths draped over their bodies like togas. The men may also wear kilts. They speak the Somali language, even though Swahili and English are the country's official languages. Most of the children attend school; but, less than half of the adults can read.

What are their beliefs?
Somalis are virtually all Shafiite Muslims, with Sufism (a mystic branch of Islam) being an important religious experience for many. The standard Islamic prayers are usually observed; however, Somali women have never worn the required veils. Villagers frequently turn to the wadaad (a religious expert) for blessings, charms and advice in worldly matters.

Although Tanzania currently offers freedom of worship, Muslim political powers are being expanded as much as possible. Islam is being promoted through the mass media, and money from the Middle East is being used to build mosques. As Muslims gain more political power and influence, the Tanzanian government is showing more favoritism toward Islam.

What are their needs?
Christian broadcasts and the Jesus film are available, but little fruit has come from them.

Today, there are only a few known Somali believers in Tanzania. Missionaries who are sensitive to the Muslim culture are needed to live and work among them. We must send forth laborers into this harvest field before Islamic pressures disallow it.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to raise up missionaries who will work among the Somali and share Christ's love with them.
* Pray that God will raise up prayer teams to go and break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask God to grant favor and wisdom to missions agencies focusing on the Somali.
* Pray for effectiveness of the Jesus film among them.
* Ask God to anoint the Gospel as it goes forth via radio and television to the Somali.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften their hearts towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Somali.

View Somali in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-01-23
Link Up Africa
Praying for Somali
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Country: Tanzania
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
10/40 Window: No
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Somali
People Name General: Somali
Alternate People Names:
IssaOgaden
SabShabelle
सोमाली
ROP3 Code: 109392
Joshua Project People ID: 14983
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 66,000
Population all Countries: 23,117,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Horn of Africa Peoples
People Cluster: Somali
People Name General: Somali
Ethnic Code: CMT33e
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Somali (66,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): som    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1915-1935
New Testament:
1972-1976Audio
Complete Bible: 1979
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoI Against My Brother (Somali)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Somali
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible: Kitaabka Quduuska Ah
Text / Printed MatterBible: Somali Bible
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Somali in Tanzania

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Somali     Africa, East and Southern    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Somali Tanzania    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Somali in Tanzania          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Somali  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=14983&rog3=TZ