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Songhai-Koyraboro in Niger

Songhai-Koyraboro

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Songhai-Koyraboro in Niger map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,176,000 Songhay, Koyraboro Senni Islam 0.20 % 0.10 %   

Songhai-Koyraboro in Niger

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Introduction / History
The Songhai are located in the westernmost provinces of Niger, mainly inhabiting the lush river plains along the Niger River. Others live farther from the river in the desert areas, where there is little water and sparse vegetation. Sizable Songhai communities can also be found in the nearby countries of Burkina Faso, Benin, Nigeria, and Mali.

The Songhai are known by various names. The Sorko are fishermen who live in small settlements along the rivers. The Fono live in the upper lake area, and the Gow are hunters in the high grass stretches of the savanna. A caste of magicians goes proudly by the name of Sohanti.

The Songhai trace their origin to the eighth century kingdom of Za. Islam was embraced as early as 1010, but it was mixed with their original beliefs in spirits of the river, soil, and wild game. The Za dynasty endured to the end of the sixteenth century, when it was conquered by the Sultan of Morocco.

What are their lives like?
Songhai settlements usually consist of round, mud or thatched dwellings with straw roofs. Today, an increasing number of villagers live in rectangular mud brick houses with corrugated tin roofs. Songhai settlements along the Niger River contain many rice fields and garden plots. Villages farther from the river are surrounded by bush areas and cultivated fields. Cowpeas, groundnuts, and manioc are the usual crops, but millet is grown during the brief rainy season. The men sell surplus millet and rice, and engage in transport and commerce. The women often sell cooked foods and condiments. Farming is considered noble labor among the Songhai and is for men only. The women have gardens in which they grow mangoes, guavas, citrus fruits, papayas, dates, and bananas during the hot, dry season. They also cultivate carrots, tomatoes, peppers, cabbages, and squash. Most of the garden work is done by family members. In addition to farming, the Songhai also raise some livestock.

All of the Songhai men within the village have a common male ancestor. Among the class of nobles, firstborn sons are pressured to marry their paternal uncle's daughter in order to maintain the purity of the lineage. Men marry while they are in their late twenties; whereas, girls marry while in their early teens. Whether the marriage lasts or not, all of the children belong to the husband's lineage group. Although Islamic law allows a man to have up to four wives, most of the Songhai men have only one. If a man has multiple wives, each lives in her own separate hut.

Despite the fact that the Songhai are a minority in Niger, they have a strong influence in the present military government.

What are their beliefs?
The Songhai are nearly all Muslim. Even though Islam introduced new elements to the Songhai culture, it left the underlying framework of custom and tradition virtually untouched. Islam is superficially important, as evidenced in the fact that every town has a mosque, or at least a Friday mosque. Some communities have imams (religious leaders) who teach Islamic philosophy. Spirit possession, magic, sorcery, ancestor worship, and witchcraft, however, remain the vital components of Songhai belief. Most of the villages have possession troops, magician-healers, and witches. In some places, ceremonies of spirit possession occur at least once a week. The most important ceremonies are the genji bi hori (a festival in which the Songhai make offerings to the "black spirits" believed to control pestilence) and the yenaandi (rain dance). Both of these are held in the dry season. Marabouts (Islamic holy men) lead community prayers but are also used in healing the sick.

What are their needs?
Generally, the Songhai live simple but adequate lives, except in times of drought. Unfortunately, these occur regularly, leaving many children as orphans. Malnutrition is also a problem for many of them. Christian medical teams and humanitarian aid workers are needed to minister to the physical needs of the Songhai.

Most of the Songhai have not heard a clear presentation of the Gospel. Prayer is the first step towards reaching them with the Good News.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to send Christian agricultural workers, educators, and doctors to minister to the physical needs of the Songhai.
* Ask the Lord to save key leaders among the Songhai who will boldly proclaim the Gospel.
* Pray that God will strengthen, encourage, and protect Songhai believers.
* Ask God to raise up intercessors who will faithfully stand in the gap for the Songhai.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a vigorous Songhai church for the glory of His name!

View Songhai-Koyraboro in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-01-22
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-02-26
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Country: Niger
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
10/40 Window: Yes
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Songhai-Koyraboro
People Name General: Songhai-Koyraboro
Alternate People Names:
East SonghaiGao
SinghaiSongoy
SonrhaiWest Songhai
ROP3 Code: 109404
Joshua Project People ID: 14989
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,176,000
Population all Countries: 1,799,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Songhai
People Name General: Songhai-Koyraboro
Ethnic Code: NAB65b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Songhay, Koyraboro Senni (1,176,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ses    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.20 %(Evangelical: 0.10 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.80 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent30.00 %
Protestant40.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian5.00 %
Roman Catholic25.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2004
New Testament:
2014Audio
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Songhay, Koyraboro S ...
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
GeneralResources in Songhay
Mobile AppScripture files - download
Text / Printed MatterBible: Songhai de Gao - Koyraboro Senni ...
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Songhai-Koyraboro in Niger

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Songhai     Africa, West and Central    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Songhai-Koyraboro Niger    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Songhai-Koyraboro in Niger          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Songhay, Koyraboro Senni  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=14989&rog3=NG