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Pashayi, Southeast in Afghanistan

Pashayi, Southeast

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Pashayi, Southeast in Afghanistan map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
578,000 Pashai, Southeast Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Pashayi, Southeast in Afghanistan

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Introduction / History
The Southeast Pashayi, also called the Darai-Nur, Pashai, and Pasyayi, are of the Kashmiri people cluster.

They live in Afghanistan, mostly in the valleys of the Hindu Kush in northeastern Afghanistan. They tend to live in valleys located near major river systems. The Southeast Pashayi mostly live in the Upper and Lower Darrai Nur Valley, Damenche, and Shale. They are found in the Nangarhar Province and in the southern part of the Laghman Province.

What are their lives like?
Very few people actually refer to themselves as Pashayi, rather they call themselves Safi, Kohistanis, or Nuristanis.

Pashayi, a Dardic language, is their primary language and has many dialects. The Southeastern Pashayi speak the Southeast dialect of Pashayi, which is unintelligible to other Pashayi speakers. The literacy rate for their first language is les than one percent and the literacy rate for their second language is between five and fifteen percent.

It is believed that the Pashayi once inhabited the northeastern plains of Afghanistan. However, they were forced to move to the mountains as the Pashtun invaded their areas.

The Pashayi are mostly rice farmers, for those living at lower elevations, and wheat and maize farmers and herders, for those living at the higher elevations.

Pashayi are tribal people. They are often lead by a village council which is the authority on issues affecting the entire village. The council is composed of extended family members from each family unit. Personal disputes are left to be resolved by the individual who was hurt in some way, which often leads to feuds.

The Pashayi value masculinity and honor more than anything else. The idea of an ideal man among the Pashayi is a man who is a proud warrior, one who is loyal to his family, one who is dangerous to his enemies, and a man who is always prepared for a feud when necessary.

The Pashayi culture has a rich tradition of songs and folklore which is passed down by oral tradition. Songs are often sung about their culture and traditionally, around harvest time, the young people in the village travel to other villages to sing the songs they'd composed throughout the year. Every Pashayi man carries a knife or a gun.

What are their beliefs?
The Pashayi converted to Islam in the late sixteenth century. They are Sunni Muslims of the Hanafite sect. Many Pashayi have some folk Islamic practices, and it is not uncommon for Pashayi men to leave their communities to study under Pakistani or Afghani holy men. Shrines dedicated to saints are found throughout their areas. There are Christian audio recordings in this language.

What are their needs?
Although the physical needs of the Pashayi are staggering, they pale in comparison to their spiritual needs. There are no known Christians among the Pashayi or the Southwestern Pashayi. Few Christian resources are available in their languages, and no Christian missions agencies are permitted to enter Afghanistan, except as relief workers.

Prayer Points
Ask the Lord to save key Pashayi leaders who will boldly declare the Gospel to their own people.
Pray that evangelistic literature will soon be made available to the Pashayi.
Ask God to send medical teams and humanitarian aid workers to minister to the physical needs of the Pashayi.
Pray that the laws in Afghanistan which restrict the preaching of the Gospel will soon be changed.
Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the spiritual soil of Afghanistan through intercession.
Pray that strong local churches will be planted among the Pashayi.
* Pray for translation of the Bible to begin in this people group's primary language.
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.

View Pashayi, Southeast in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-11-04
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Country: Afghanistan
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Central
Persecution Rank:1 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Nangarhar province: north of Shewa; Laghman province; Alingar valley area; Upper and Lower Darrai Nur valley, Damench, Shale (Shari).
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Pashayi, Southeast
People Name General: Pashayi, Southeast
Alternate People Names:
PashayiSoutheast Pashayi
ROP3 Code: 109456
Joshua Project People ID: 15025
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 578,000
Population all Countries: 578,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Muslim - other
People Name General: Pashayi, Southeast
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Pashai, Southeast (578,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): psi    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Sub-division:Sunni
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions1.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Pashayi, Southeast in Afghanistan

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Muslim - other     Asia, Central    
      Pashayi, Southeast Afghanistan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Pashayi, Southeast in Afghanistan          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Pashai, Southeast  
    All Religions                              

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