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Subanon, Western Kalibugan in Philippines

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
145,000 Subanon, Western Christianity 60.00 % 19.00 % No   

Subanon, Western Kalibugan in Philippines

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Introduction / History
The Subanuns are the first settlers of the Zamboanga peninsula. Because they live near the river ("suba"), they are called river dwellers or Suba-nuns. The family is patriarchal while the village is led by a chief called Timuay. He acts as the village judge and is concerned with all communal matters.

Marriage is similar to that of other tribes: dowry, use of a go-between, feasting called Buklog and the rice rituals. The officiating person is the Misala-getaw who is a respected male leader in the area. The most important part is the witnessing of the rice ritual by the groom and bride. Polygamy is limited to the affluent. Divorce is permitted and decided by the village chiefs. In such cases, the dowry must be returned if the bride is at fault.

In late pregnancy, a special hut called "ghosina" is erected for the expectant mother. Charma is hung above and under the hut to ward off evil spirits. After delivery, the mother lies close to a hot fire for several days in the belief that this will dry up the womb.

The Subanuns and Kolibugans practice swidden agriculture (slash and burn) on the mountain slopes, cultivating upland rice, corn, root crops, and the like. They have a subsistence economy and are in need of technical skills, capital and market access.

The Subanun villages are ruled by village chiefs who dispense justice, divorce, and settle issues and disputes.

What are their beliefs?
The Subanuns believe that all humans have souls. The dead are usually buried within the same day, before sundown. They believe that souls roam the earth unless certain rituals are made to make it go to heaven or to appease some spirit in the other world. The ritual is usually a feast (polohog for the less well-off, and buklog for the more affluent. The burial party however must bathe before the feast begins.

The Kolibugan on the other hand embraced Islam and are mostly found on the island of Olutanga, off the coast of Zamboanga del Sur. "Kolibugan" is a Sama-Tausug slang for half-breed, because the tribe was former Subanuns who intermarried with Sama and Tausugs and embraced Islam. However, they retain the Subanun dialect.

Open doors are education, radio and community development.

Prayer Points
* That adequate funding be supplied to Christian ministries who are engaged in education, radio, primary health care, community and livelihood development.
* That adequate long term support be given to church planters for sustained church development in the remote areas.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-06-12
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Country: Philippines
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Mindanao, Zamboanga del Norte Province facing Sulu sea, from Labason town to southern border, mostly inland, on western slopes, Zamboanga Peninsula; Zamboanga Sibugay Province, Ipil, Rosseler T Lim, and Tungawan municipalities, eastern slopes of peninsula.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Subanon, Western Kalibugan
People Name General: Subanon, Western Kalibugan
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 109565
Joshua Project People ID: 15100
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 145,000
Population all Countries: 145,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Filipino, Central
People Name General: Subanon, Western Kalibugan
Ethnic Code: MSY44x
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Subanon, Western
Language Code (ISO): suc    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Cebuano (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Sub-division:Protestant
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity60.00 %(Evangelical: 19.00 %)
Ethnic Religions30.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam10.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent10.00 %
Protestant80.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic10.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a significant presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1971-1974
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Subanon, Western
Text / Printed MatterBible: Kitab Bogu Pasad taluʼ nog Mikpo ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Subanon, Western Kalibugan in Philippines

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Filipino, Central     Asia, Southeast    
      Subanon, Western Kalibugan Philippines    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Subanon, Western Kalibugan in Philippines          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Subanon, Western  
    All Religions                              

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