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Baloch, Western in Turkmenistan

Baloch, Western

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Baloch, Western in Turkmenistan map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
52,000 Balochi, Western Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Baloch, Western in Turkmenistan

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Introduction / History
The Western Baluch of Turkmenistan are part of a much larger population of Baluch numbering several million. Their homeland straddles the borders of Iran and Pakistan, with a majority living in Pakistan.

The various Baluch groups are distinguishable by their languages. These languages have been divided into three branches: Eastern, Western, and Southern Baluchi - each of which are distinct from the others. Baluchi belongs to the Indo-Iranic language family, and is related to Kurdish.

Their name, "Baluch," is shrouded in controversy. Some say it means "nomad," while others claim that it is an old Persian word meaning "the cock's crest." Their history is just as mysterious. Some have traced their origins to Nimrod, son of Cush (Noah's grandson). But while some things are uncertain, we do know that they first moved to the region in the twelfth century. During the Moghul period, this territory became known as "Baluchistan."

What are their lives like?
According to historians, this high and arid region was once a thickly populated area watered by many perennial rivers. Today, it is a desolate, infertile area of rocky mountains, dry river valleys, and semi-desert plains. Rainfall is low, unreliable, and the hills have few trees. However, when rain comes or the snow melts, the dry river beds become raging torrents and the brown, arid landscape turns green once again.

The Baluch traditionally earn their living by a combination of farming and semi-nomadic shepherding. They usually raise sheep, cattle, or goats. Agriculture is limited because of the harsh climate; nevertheless, it plays a large role in the economy. The chief crop is wheat. To aid in the household economy, some farmers raise chickens. They also depend on wild fruits and vegetables. One wild plant, called the dwarf palm, is used as a dietary supplement. The meat of the palm is eaten, and the leaves are used to make ropes, shoes, mats, and tents. Though their survival techniques may vary, each community tries to keep a wide variety of animals and grow many different crops. If the local economy does not provide adequate job opportunities, the young men often move to the cities in search of work.

Village settlements are clusters of mud houses, loosely organized around the home of the local chief. They live in these permanent mountain and valley settlements in the summertime. However, in winter, they migrate to the plains and coastal areas, seeking green grass for their livestock. During this time, they live in tents, and move freely across the landscape as weather conditions dictate. These temporary settlements are smaller, consisting of closely related kin.

Within the family, the entire household is responsible for tending the family's herd. Women work in groups, threshing and separating the harvest; while plowing and planting are done by the men. Traditionally, land is not privately owned but belongs to the whole tribe.

What are their beliefs?
The Baluch are Sunni Muslims. Their religious practices remain private, and there is no concept of a "state religion." All forms of secular authority are separated from the spiritual authority held by religious leaders.

What are their needs?
The Baluchs have been isolated for many years due to Turkmenistan's harsh climate, the difficulty of communicating in mountainous terrain, and their reputation as bandits. Since the governments of Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan all have a share in Baluchistan's welfare, they have begun building roads and developing agriculture programs. However, the Baluch have remained largely unaffected by these developmental changes.

Very little missions work is taking place among the Western Baluch of Turkmenistan. Since illiteracy among the Baluch is very high, Christian workers might find open doors into Turkmenistan as teachers.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to call those who are willing to go to Turkmenistan and share Christ with the Baluch.
* Pray that God will give missions agencies favor and strategies for reaching these Muslims.
* Ask God to open doors for Christian businessmen, teachers, and other tentmakers to share the Gospel with them.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Western Baluch towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of Turkmenistan's governmental leaders to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to raise up a strong local church among the Western Baluch.
* Pray for completion of Bible translation in this people group's primary language.

View Baloch, Western in all countries.

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Country: Turkmenistan
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Central
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:1
Location in Country:Mary Province, 2 enclaves, one northeast of capital, the uother upstream from Mary city on the Murgap river.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Baloch, Western
People Name General: Baloch, Western
Alternate People Names:
BalochBaluch
SarawaniWestern Baluch
ROP3 Code: 110770
Joshua Project People ID: 15356
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 52,000
Population all Countries: 1,250,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Persian-Median
People Cluster: Baloch
People Name General: Baloch, Western
Ethnic Code: CNT24b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Balochi, Western (52,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): bgn    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1984-2005
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Balochi, Western
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Baloch, Western in Turkmenistan

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Baloch     Asia, Central    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Baloch, Western Turkmenistan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Baloch, Western in Turkmenistan          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Balochi, Western  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=15356&rog3=TX