People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Gurung Ghaleg in Bhutan

Gurung Ghaleg

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Gurung Ghaleg in Bhutan map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
9,700 Nepali Buddhism 3.87 % Unknown   

Gurung Ghaleg in Bhutan

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
Gurung Ghaleg history is clouded with uncertainty because of their lack of a written script in the past. Legends were handed down orally from one generation to the next. We do know that, during the 15th century, a Gurung king named Ghale Raja was overthrown by a Nepali king. In the 16th century the Khasa armies took over large tracts of land in Nepal and the Gurung came under their control. The Gurung were highly regarded as fighters and many of them were enlisted in the Khasa's armies. Later, after the British took control of India, many Gurung men were enlisted as Gurkha soldiers in the British army. Thousands have served in places from Hong Kong to Bosnia and the Falkland Islands.

Like most people groups, the Gurung have subgroups. The Ghaleg are one of the subgroups of the Gurung people. Their primary language is Western Gurung. They live in Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and northeastern India.

What are their lives like?
Because the Ghaleg are a subgroup of the bigger Gurung people, there is little or no specific information about their daily activities. Most likely they serve in the military like other Gurung people.

What are their beliefs?
Religion plays an important role in the everyday lives of most Gurung peoples. Their belief system is a mixture of Buddhism, Hinduism and shamanism. As one researcher wrote, "Buddhism is followed by the Gurungs today although in ancient times they practiced the animistic and shamanistic form of religion similar to the pre-Buddhist Bon religion of the Himalayan regions." The Gurung groups are usually Tibetan Buddhists, though they have Hindu elements. The ceremonies and rituals that the Gurung perform have mixed origins. One interesting custom, called tuno bandhane, takes place three days after the birth of a baby. It involves wrapping the newborn baby in a long piece of cloth.

Less than one out of every thousand Ghaleg Gurung people are Christians today. The Western Gurung New Testament was first published in 1982, but it has fallen out of print since because of the small number of Western Gurung Christians and because there is no demand for it.

What are their needs?
The Ghaleg Gurung need the chance to hear and respond to Christ's offer of life to the full. They are unreached in every country of South Asia where they live.

Prayer Points
Pray for the Lord to provide for their physical and spiritual needs as a testimony of his power and love.

Pray that the Ghaleg Gurung people will have a spiritual hunger that will open their hearts to the King of kings.

Pray for workers who are driven by the love and boldness of the Holy Spirit to go to them.

Pray for a movement to Christ among them to begin this decade.


View Gurung Ghaleg in all countries.

Prayer Links
  Submit Update:
Country: Bhutan
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:40 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:9,700
Largest Provinces:
Western (9,400)Central (200)
Eastern (60)Southern (30)
Submit Map:
Country Map:Political map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Gurung Ghaleg
People Name General: Gurung Ghaleg
Alternate People Names:
TamuTamu Kyi
Western Gurungगुरुंग
ROP3 Code: 110781
Joshua Project People ID: 15366
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 9,700
Population all Countries: 749,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Buddhist
People Name General: Gurung Ghaleg
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Nepali
Language Code (ISO): npi    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Gurung (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religions:
Buddhism87.71 % 
Christianity3.87 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.11 % 
Unknown8.30 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1850-1961
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1914-2012
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Nepali
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoNew Way (Naya Goreto)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralGospel resources links
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed MatterBible: Nepali
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Nepali
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Gurung Ghaleg in Bhutan

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Buddhist     Asia, South    
      Gurung Ghaleg Bhutan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Gurung Ghaleg in Bhutan          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Nepali  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: