People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Muna in Indonesia


Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Muna in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
343,000 Muna Islam 1.50 % 0.05 % No   

Muna in Indonesia

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The Muna people (also called Wuna) live in the province of Southeast Sulawesi on the larger islands of Muna and the west coast of Buton and the smaller islands of Kadatua, Siompu, Bangkomalape, Tiworo and Telaga. Muna island is separated from Buton island by a strait stretching from north to south. According to tradition, the word muna was taken from the name of a hill with a "flowering rock". Today this place, Bahutara, has become a tourist attraction. The word wuna means "flower" in the Muna language. The Muna people are grouped into several sub-groups, but the largest division occurs in the middle of the islands of Muna and Buton. The Muna people on the northern halves of these islands speak the more prestigious variety of the language, while those on the southern part of Muna island speak the GuLaMas dialect subdistricts Gu, Lakudo and Mawasangka). The people of the islands of Kadatua, Siompu, Telaga and on the west coast of Buton also speak varieties of this dialect. The northern variety of the language contains markers that register different social levels depending on the person being addressed. Muna bears many similarities to the language of Buton and the history of Muna is closely tied with that of Buton.

What are their lives like?
The Muna make their living as farmers, with their primary crops being cashews, corn, rice and seaweed. Other crops include sweet potatoes, sugar cane and various kinds of spices. A large portion of their commerce has come from marketing the products of the jungle such as teak wood and rattan. The custom of pokadulu (mutual assistance) influences various activities in the Muna community, as groups of people will gather to do large projects such as clearing, planting and harvesting fields. Those who live by the sea have been successful in pearl farming and cultivation of seaweed. The Muna usually live in the interior of the island, though there are a good number of coastal communities. They live together in kinship groups, which are called Tombu. In general, these communities are well connected by roads. The island of Muna is not as mountainous as the island of Buton to the east, but it has many caves that are often used as fresh water sources. Lineage is patrilineal (father's side). In marriage, the groom pays for the bride. Price is determined by the groom's social status. The higher the status of the groom, the more he must pay for his bride. Before the marriage, the prospective groom is in a trial period by the prospective bride's family. Due to these traditions, many young people choose to elope.

What are their beliefs?
The majority of Muna follow Sunni Islam. There is a Christian minority, with two villages being historically Catholic. There was a Protestant village, but those residents have moved to Ambon. Followers of Islam believe they will be judged on their knowledge of the Qur'an (Islamic holy book) as well as their deeds done during this lifetime. However, traditional animistic beliefs still influence many aspects of Muna life.

What are their needs?
The mobility of the Muna people is high and they have spread into other areas. They need training and assistance to better manage their natural resources. They need formal education as well as practical training in order to take advantage of employment opportunities. The Muna also need better access to reliable and affordable health care.

View Muna in all countries.

Prayer Links
Pray for Sulawesi
  Submit Update:
Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Sulawesi Tenggara Province, Muna regency, Muna and Tiworo islands; Buton Utara regency, northwest Buton island along Buntung strait, from Puntau north past Lebo; Buton regency, Siumpu and Kadatuang islands off of southwest coast; small community in Ambon city.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
Submit Map:
Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Muna
People Name General: Muna
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 110873
Joshua Project People ID: 15422
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 343,000
Population all Countries: 343,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Tukangbesi of Sulawesi
People Name General: Muna
Ethnic Code: MSY44q
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Muna (343,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mnb    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity1.50 %(Evangelical: 0.05 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam98.50 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic100.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1993
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Muna in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Tukangbesi of Sulawesi     Asia, Southeast    
      Muna Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Muna in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Muna  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: