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Tipera in India

Tipera

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Tipera in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
629,000 Kok Borok Hinduism 8.31 % Unknown No   

Tipera in India

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Introduction / History
The Tipera are primarily concentrated in the Tripura Plains, which are located in the state of Tripura, northeastern India. As their name suggests, they are indigenous to this area. They are the largest tribe in the state, and their land once extended over much of Bengal, Assam, and northern Burma. The ruling family over this vast region belonged to the Tipera tribe.

The Tipera's native language, Kok Borok, is a Baric language belonging to the Tibeto-Burman language family. The phrase kok borok literally means "language people." Kok Borok is the mother tongue of a majority of the tribes in Tripura, and it is the language used in primary schools. There are three main dialects of Kok Borok: Debbarma, Riang, and Halam.

The Bodo, who are ancestors of the Tipera, were once the most important Indo-Mongoloid people in all of eastern India. Even now, their Tiperan descendants have special legal privileges.

What are their lives like?
In Tripura, many of the state services are reserved for "scheduled tribe" candidates. (The scheduled tribes formerly belonged to a class known as "the untouchables." When India became independent in 1947, "untouchability" was abolished by law.) Today, due to the official state policy of favoring indigenous tribes in matters of social justice and economic affairs, the Tipera have preference in public services, education, land grants, and resettlement projects.

The Tipera are primarily farmers. Traditionally, they lived as semi-nomads and used the slash and burn method of farming. However, in 1976, the government moved the Tipera to the plains and introduced them to settled cultivation. They are still trying to adjust to this new lifestyle. Those living in the plains grow jute, rice, wheat, and sugar cane. Their biggest fear is the seasonal cyclones that flood the area and cause much damage to the crops and villages.

Not all of the Tipera are farmers or farm laborers; some work in the state's industries. They include weaving cloth, milling rice and flour, canning fruit, and producing bamboo and leather items.

The Tipera are known as poor, careless, and not at all industrious. Without a medical college in Tripura State, their state of health is understandably poor. In addition, they have no access to pure drinking water.

There are very few towns in the plains region. The Tipera generally live in small village settlements that are located near the river valleys. Their tiny, one-room houses are made of temporary materials-usually mud or bamboo. A few houses have tin walls, and there is occasionally a home made of wood with a tile roof. Each village is divided into clans and castes, and is run by a headman.

The Tipera only marry within their own tribe. Polygamy is permitted, but rare. Young people are free to choose their own marriage partners, although they must first receive permission from their parents. Promiscuity before marriage is freely tolerated among the Tipera, but accidental pregnancies lead to immediate marriage. Married couples usually do not have their own homes until they have had several children.

Tipera women are especially fond of wearing jewelry, which can be bought from Bengali craftsmen.

What are their beliefs?
The Tipera practice ethnic religions, which include worshiping the gods of fire, water, and the forest. The Tipera believe that they must appease these spirits in order to have bountiful harvests. They believe that they are surrounded by spirits that affect their welfare and health. They also believe that after death each man goes to the "underworld" and begins re-living his previous life.

What are their needs?
The Tipera living in the plains have a greater exposure to technology than those in the more remote regions. However, they also have more exposure to other religions; they are surrounded by Hindus, Buddhists, and Lamaists. Christian laborers are needed to go into the plains and share the love of Christ with this tribe.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and share Christ with the Tipera.
* Pray that Tipera believers will have opportunities to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Tipera towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will open the hearts of India's governmental leaders to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will raise up teams of intercessors who will stand in the gap for these precious people.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: South Asia
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:629,000
Largest States:
Tripura (600,000)Assam (19,000)
Mizoram (4,700)Meghalaya (3,500)
Nagaland (1,200)Manipur (300)
Uttarakhand (200)Delhi (60)
Total States on file:9
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tipera
People Name General: Tipera
Alternate People Names:
Deb-BarmaHalam
KachariKok Borok
KokborTippera-Bengali
TipperahTipra
TiprasaTripura
TripuriTwiprasa
तिपेरा
ROP3 Code: 110073
Joshua Project People ID: 15498
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 629,000
Population all Countries: 754,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Garo-Tripuri
People Name General: Tipera
Ethnic Code: MSY50s
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Kok Borok (594,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): trp    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (31,000)Assamese (1,200)
Chin, Falam (700)Hindi (400)
Magahi (300)English (200)
Munda (100)Odia (100)
Kurux (90)Tamil (70)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 34
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.21 % 
Christianity8.31 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism91.13 % 
Islam0.16 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.03 % 
Unknown0.16 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1959-1983
New Testament:
1976
Complete Bible: 1998
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Kok Borok
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Text / Printed MatterBible: Kok Borok
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Tipera in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Garo-Tripuri     South Asia    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Tipera India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tipera in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Kok Borok  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=15498&rog3=IN