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Trumai in Brazil


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Trumai in Brazil map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
300 Trumai Ethnic Religions 5.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Trumai in Brazil

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Introduction / History
The Trumai are an indigenous people who live in west central Brazil in the Amazon rainforest. They settled on the upper Xingu River, moving there in the 19th century as a result of attacks from another people group. They live in four villages in Xingu National Park: Terra Preta, Boa Esperanca, Steinen and Terra Nova. All four villages are on rivers. The rivers serve as sources of water, fish and transportation.

The Trumai language is in danger of disappearing in the next few decades. Since so few people speak Trumai, the language could die as a result of an epidemic or contagious disease. Trumai young people prefer to speak Portuguese or the two languages of larger people groups, the Aweti and the Suya.

No Christian resources are currently available in the Trumai language.

What are their lives like?
The Trumai make their living by hunting, fishing and agriculture. Men fish the nearby rivers and hunt wild pigs, monkeys and birds. Some men work in the logging industry.

The Trumai also engage in agriculture. They grow manioc, peppers, bananas, coconuts, and beans. Manioc root is their staple food. Some families also have a few chickens, pigs or goats to supplement their diets. The Trumai trade any extra fish or surplus plant products for things that they cannot make for themselves like metal tools and appliances.

Village elders deal with outsiders and make judicial decisions. The elders work with government officials to prevent other Brazilians from taking over any more Trumai territory.

Life expectancy is low, only around 45. Many Trumai die of preventable diseases like TB, whopping cough and hepatitis. Many children die before their tenth birthday again due to the lack of access to modern medicine. Traditionally, the Trumai mainly marry among their group. Because of their diminishing numbers, young people are increasingly finding mates outside their community. Some young people are moving away from their villages and going to towns and cities in search of a better life.

What are their beliefs?
Like most tribal peoples, the Trumai practice folk religion and animism. They believe that spirits inhabit the objects of nature such as rivers, trees, animals, and rocks. These spirits must be appeased, or they will bring harm on the people. The village shaman connects the Trumai with the spirit world. He provides amulets, offerings and charms to protect the people. He also serves as the primary physician for the Trumai.

A small fraction of the Trumai claim to be Roman Catholic Christians.

What are their needs?
The Trumai are a tiny tribe and are isolated from modern Brazilian society. Believers need to find ways to befriend the Trumai people, showing true concern for their material and physical needs. The Trumai would greatly benefit by access to modern medicine. Their children need schools to learn how to read and write. Solar panels can bring them the blessing of electricity. Most of all, the Trumai need to hear and understand a clear presentation of the good news of Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and deliver them from their fear of evil spirits.

Prayer Points
Pray that the few believers among the Trumai will hate that which is evil and cling to what is good, being joyful in hope in the only Savior.

Pray the Trumai tribe will be able to survive in rapidly changing times, and that schools will be available to the children.

Pray that the Bible and other resources will be translated into Trumai.

Pray the Lord raises up a disciple making movement among the Trumai of Brazil in this decade.
* Pray for translation of the Bible to begin in this people group's primary language.
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.
* Pray for Gospel messages to become available in audio format for this people group.



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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-04-07
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-05-04
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-05-26
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Country: Brazil
Continent: South America
Region: America, Latin
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Mato Grosso state: Xingú Park, source of Xingú river, villages along banks.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Trumai
People Name General: Trumai
ROP3 Code: 110202
Joshua Project People ID: 15584
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 300
Population all Countries: 300
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
Affinity Bloc: Latin-Caribbean Americans
People Cluster: South American Indigenous
People Name General: Trumai
Ethnic Code: MIR39#
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Trumai
Language Code (ISO): tpy    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Portuguese (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity5.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions95.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
GSEC Status:Level 0   No evangelical Christians or churches. No access to major evangelical print, audio, visual, or human resources
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Trumai in Brazil

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South American Indigenous     America, Latin    
      Trumai Brazil    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Trumai in Brazil          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Trumai  
    All Religions                              

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