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Tuareg, Tamasheq in Burkina Faso

Tuareg, Tamasheq

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Tuareg, Tamasheq in Burkina Faso map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
167,000 Tamasheq Islam 0.08 % 0.08 %   

Tuareg, Tamasheq in Burkina Faso

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Introduction / History
The Tuareg (Udalan) of Burkina Faso belong to a larger group of nomadic, Berber-speaking Tuareg who live in an area that stretches from the western Sahara to western Sudan. The Udalan are one of the seven major Tuareg confederations. Most of the Udalan Tuareg live in Mali, and an additional group live in Burkina Faso.

In 1972, the worst drought in 50 years struck the Sahara, bringing disaster and severe stress to the Tuareg. The nomads were forced to travel southward in search of pastures for their herds. This massive migration intensified as water supplies began to fail. Conflicts over rights and obligations among the people and governments of the regions were also generated. Many animals died of thirst, hunger, or fatigue during the long journey. Thousands of Tuareg drifted to the cities where they set up cowhide shelters and lean-to shanties on the fringes of town. Many Tuareg never returned to their original homeland.

What are their lives like?
In the southern Sahara, many Tuareg are now settled farmers living in villages surrounded by grain fields. Since farming is seasonal work, many of the young men also take jobs as blue-collar workers in Nigeria, Ghana, or Ivory Coast for part of the year.

The most distinctive aspect of the Tuareg dress is the fact that the men wear veils. The Tuareg see it as shockingly indecent for a man's mouth to be seen by anyone to whom he owes formal respect. Therefore, he will always cover his face when in the presence of someone of higher social standing.

Tuareg marriages usually take place between couples within the same clan, or extended family unit. Marriages between cousins are preferred. A newlywed couple generally lives for about a year in the camp of the bride's parents. Then, they will move over to the husband's camp. The typical age for marriage is between 20 and 25 for women and almost 30 for men. Monogamy (one husband, one wife) is the rule, and divorce is very unusual and generally frowned upon.

Marriage always requires the payment of a bride price. The size of the gift varies according to the beauty and social standing of the bride, as well as the wealth of the groom. A young man needs quite a few camels to pay the bride price. He must also accumulate a large enough flock to feed his family and still have extra to sell to provide for his household needs. Tuareg women are treated with respect. However, they are not allowed to hold political offices or exercise any authority outside their own tents.

Tuareg culture embraces many forms of art. They have a large collection of music, poetry, and songs that are often used during festivals, courtship, and various rituals. Metal, wood, and dyed and embroidered leather crafts are manufactured. Women play single-chord violins called imzads, and men often play drums or wooden flutes. Parties are frequently held around campfires during the evenings, where both men and women sing.

What are their beliefs?
Though the Tuareg are virtually all Sunni Muslim, they have a reputation among other Muslims for being lukewarm in their faith. They practice a passive form of Islam, infused with folk beliefs and magic. Most do not even celebrate the most important Muslim fast of Ramadan. Protective charms or amulets are commonly worn. Many also believe in jinnis, which are-according to Muslim legend-spirits capable of assuming human or animal form and exercising supernatural influence over people. There are a number of marabouts (those of the "holy class") living among the Tuareg, some of whom run Islamic schools.

What are their needs?
Evangelistic tools are needed to provide the Gospel. Prayer is the key to reaching these precious people with the Gospel.

Prayer Points
* Pray that missions agencies and churches will accept the challenge of adopting and reaching the Tuareg.
* Pray that Gospel broadcasts will soon be produced in the Tamasheq Timbuktu language.
* Ask the Lord to send loving Christians from others parts of Africa to Burkina Faso to share the Gospel with the Tuareg.
* Pray that God will grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Tuareg.
* Ask the Lord to save key leaders among the Tuareg who will boldly declare the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Tuareg.

View Tuareg, Tamasheq in all countries.

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Country: Burkina Faso
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:3
Location in Country:Nord region: Loroum province, into Yatenga province; Sahel region: Oudalan province.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tuareg, Tamasheq
People Name General: Tuareg, Tamasheq
Alternate People Names:
AntessarBella
Kel TamasheqKidal
Kidal TuaregTahoua Tuareg
TamacheqTamasheq
TimbuktuTuareg
Udalan
ROP3 Code: 110232
Joshua Project People ID: 15607
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 167,000
Population all Countries: 732,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Arab World
People Cluster: Tuareg
People Name General: Tuareg, Tamasheq
Ethnic Code: CMT32h
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Tamasheq (167,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): taq    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Timbuktu
Dialect Code:17148
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Sub-division:Sunni
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.08 %(Evangelical: 0.08 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.92 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant100.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1953-1998
New Testament:
2003Audio
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tamasheq
Text / Printed MatterBible: New Testament
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Tuareg, Tamasheq in Burkina Faso

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Tuareg     Africa, West and Central    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Tuareg, Tamasheq Burkina Faso    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tuareg, Tamasheq in Burkina Faso          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Tamasheq  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=15607&rog3=UV