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Fulani, Pulaar in Mali

Fulani, Pulaar

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Fulani, Pulaar in Mali map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
273,000 Pulaar Islam 0.20 % 0.00 %   

Fulani, Pulaar in Mali

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Introduction / History
Over one million Pulaar (or Tukulor) live in several West African nations. While most are located in Senegal, another large group can be found in the neighboring country of Mali. The Pulaar are thought to have descended from the Fulani and the Wolof or Sereres tribes. The name "Tukulor" is derived from the word Takrur, which is an Arabic term used to describe an eleventh century realm near the middle Senegal River Valley.

Today, the Tukulor are known by a number of names, including Pulaar, Haal Pulaar, and Torobe. They have retained their respective languages, and many are also fluent in Arabic. Most of those in Mali live a rural lifestyle, raising livestock, farming, and fishing. Sadly, a steadily rising population and an unequal distribution of land have resulted in the emigration of large numbers of Pulaar (particularly youth) to the cities in search of better job opportunities.

What are their lives like?
Traditional Pulaar society is divided into four main social classes, each having twelve "castes." Their social life is a mixture of native customs and Islamic traditions. Neither Islam, the effects of colonization, nor the goals of various national leaders have been able to erase the old social divisions.

The torobe are the aristocratic class. The middle class, or rimbe, is made up of fishermen, farmers, tradesmen, and administrators. The middle class also includes the craftsmen, and the lower class includes the freed slaves and the slaves. Social status rarely changes; however, slaves are freed at every third generation. The Pulaar marry within their class divisions, women usually between the ages of 16 and 18, and men between the ages of 25 and 30. Although it is uncommon, a man may have up to four wives. Families are generally large, with an average of six children per family.

Traditional, rural Pulaar villages are small. They have round huts made of clay or rough bricks, with straw roofs. Villages are governed by a group of elders from the aristocratic caste. Dietary staples include rice, millet, sorghum, fish, nuts, and fruit. The current high levels of unemployment are forcing many men to travel to France or urban areas of Senegal in search of better paying jobs.

Pulaar women often wear large, embedded pieces of wood in the soft lobes of their ears and have two small facial slits near the outside corners of both eyes. Although female genital mutilation is becoming increasingly illegal, over half of all Pulaar girls from the ages of three to nine undergo this practice in order to be considered "clean" and worthy of marriage.

What are their beliefs?
The Pulaar first accepted Islam in the eleventh century. Traditional Muslim beliefs, such as the nature of man and his destiny after death, play a significant role in the people's outlook on life. Muslim brotherhoods teach a mystical approach to Islam: the people seek closer relationships to God through rituals, prayer, and other techniques. However, Islam has not brought any major changes to Pulaar attitudes toward spiritism and magic. The people still use charms, amulets, and witchcraft. The Pulaar attribute supernatural powers to various Muslim clerics who practice divination, the use of supernatural powers.

What are their needs?
Decreasing income from the sale of agricultural products, encroachment by the Sahara Desert on farm land, deforestation, and increasing population are resulting in extreme financial concerns for the Pulaar. Nearly all village water sources are polluted. Malaria and other infectious diseases inflict a heavy toll each year. Although there is some literacy among the aristocracy, most of the Pulaar are illiterate.

Islam has enormous penetration into every aspect of Pulaar life. A somewhat isolated people with minimal exposure to other religious ideas, the Pulaar view the world and gain their personal identities from their rigid beliefs in the Islamic family and community. They are extremely reluctant to leave the world they know.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send missionaries to work among the Pulaar of Mali.
* Ask God to give the small number of Pulaar believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to save key Pulaar leaders who will share the love of Jesus with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the spiritual soil of Mali through worship and intercession.
* Pray that strong local churches will be raised up among the Pulaar.

View Fulani, Pulaar in all countries.

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Country: Mali
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
Persecution Rank:24 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Kayes region: northwest Kayes, Yelimané, Nioro, and Diema circles; Koulikoro region: Nara, northern Kolokani, and Banamba circles.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Fulani, Pulaar
People Name General: Fulani, Pulaar
Alternate People Names:
FutankoobeHaal Pulaaren
PulaarTakarir
TooroobeToucouleur
Tukulor
ROP3 Code: 110257
Joshua Project People ID: 15622
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 273,000
Population all Countries: 1,569,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Fulani / Fulbe
People Name General: Fulani, Pulaar
Ethnic Code: NAB56c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Pulaar (273,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): fuc    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Toucouleur
Dialect Code:1877
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.20 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.80 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant20.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic80.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1982-1993
New Testament:
1997Audio
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Pulaar
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMore Than Dreams-Ali
Film / VideoMore Than Dreams-Dini
Film / VideoMore Than Dreams-Khalil
Film / VideoMore Than Dreams-Khosrow
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Fulani, Pulaar in Mali

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Fulani / Fulbe     Africa, West and Central    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Fulani, Pulaar Mali    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Fulani, Pulaar in Mali          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Pulaar  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=15622&rog3=ML