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Udmurt in Kazakhstan


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
7,600 Udmurt Christianity 60.00 % 0.40 %   

Udmurt in Kazakhstan

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Introduction / History
Udmurts are a people who speak the Udmurt language. Udmurt is part of the Urlic language. The word Udmurt means "meadow people." They are also referred to by Russians and Tartars as the Otyaskaya, Otyaks, Votyaks, and Ar. The people themselves are described as red-haired and light-eyed and are said to be decedents of the Finns.

Udmurts are mentioned in Arab history as early as 921. Udmurts settled around the valley of the Cheptsa River. The Udmurts became subject to the Mongols in 1237. Later in history, some Urdmurt groups mixed with the Tartars and together they led several rebellions against Russia. During Stalin's great purge many Urmurt intellectuals were murdered. In 1990 Urmurtia became a republic of Russia. Today, because of Russian migration, Udmurts consist of only 28% of the population. Two-thirds of the Udmurt population resides in the republic.

Where are they located?
Most Udmurts live in Udmurtia, a federal subject of Russia. The republic is located in the Eastern portion of the Eastern European Plain of Russia. It is between the Kama and Vyatka Rivers. The Udmurt capital is Izhevsk. They also live in other surrounding countries.

What are their lives like?
The Udmurt Republic has a president who is selected by the Russian President. The republic has its' own constitution and parliament, State Council, elected every five years. The republic is an industrialized republic with machine building, chemical, and oil and gas industries. In WWII it was the home to several defense industry productions and the AK-47 rifle came from this region. The capital is home to several museums and universities.

What are their beliefs?
Dorvyzhy is an Udmurt epic that is a mix of myth and history. It describes the god of the heavens, the earth god (Kyldysin), and the weather god (Kuaz). Village life and religion revolved around the seasons. Villages and later homes had a household sanctuary.

Muslims began to infiltrate the culture but for the most part the Udmurts held to their traditions. In the 14th and 15th centuries Christianity came to Udmurt. It began under forced conversions by Ivan the Terrible. From 1819-1823 the four gospels were translated into Udmurt.
As Russians began to come into Urmartia so did the Orthodox faith. Today around 30 percent of the population consider themselves pagan and 15-40 percent consider themselves Orthodox. Less than a quarter of one percent of the population is evangelical Christians.

What are their needs?
Udmurt society has a high level of alcoholism, depression, and suicide. Individuals and families need healing and the message of Christ.

Prayer Points
For the strongholds of paganism, alcohol abuse, and depression to be broken in individual lives, families, and in society as a whole.
For Udmurt believers to be strengthened and bring the hope of Christ to their families and friends.
For church leaders to be faithful to the Word and to shepherd their sheep well.
For the Spirit of God to work in the hearts of the Udmurt.


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Prayer Links
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Country: Kazakhstan
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Central
Persecution Rank:48 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Udmurt
People Name General: Udmurt
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 110362
Joshua Project People ID: 15686
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 7,600
Population all Countries: 577,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Eurasian Peoples
People Cluster: Finno-Ugric
People Name General: Udmurt
Ethnic Code: MSW51k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Udmurt
Language Code (ISO): udm    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Russian (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity60.00 %(Evangelical: 0.40 %)
Ethnic Religions5.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam5.00 % 
Non-Religious30.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a larger relative representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1847-2006
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2013-2014
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Udmurt
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoRivka video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralGospel resources links
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Udmurt in Kazakhstan

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Finno-Ugric     Asia, Central    
      Udmurt Kazakhstan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Udmurt in Kazakhstan          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Udmurt  
    All Religions                              

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