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Oromo, Wollo / Yejju in Ethiopia

Oromo, Wollo / Yejju

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Oromo, Wollo / Yejju in Ethiopia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
620,000 Oromo, West Central Islam 1.30 % 0.40 %   

Oromo, Wollo / Yejju in Ethiopia

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Introduction / History
Unlike other Oromo's who trace their lineage to Borana or Bareentu, the 2 patriarchs of the Oromo Nation; The Yejju are a Semitic people that were assimilated into the Oromo people. According to accounts from Ethiopian Orthodox historians, A large Yemeni tribe migrated to the Sultanate of Adal, which was based in Eastern Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somaliland. They became a key part of the advancement of the Adalite army that conquered all but the Christian Highlands of Western Ethiopia. This became fatal, as the Christian Ethiopians regrouped and annihilated all Muslims in the surrounding lowlands, pushing them back to Harar, their capital. The Yejju on the other hand, fled south into Oromo territory, where they were adopted into the ethnic group and converted many to Islam. They lost their language and adopted Afaan Oromo, though traces of their original culture are prevalent still today.

Where are they located?
The Yejju are the most northern dwelling Oromos. They live in the state of Gojjam (Western Ethiopia) just south of Lake Tana. Lowland Yejju live around north Shewa (Central Ethiopia) and Wello (North Eastern Ethiopia).

What are their lives like?
The Yejju have very different lifestyles depending on their location. The Yejju of Gojjam live as farmers and pastoralists. They are predominantly Orthodox Christian and many are Amharic speaking and are usually mixed with Amhara's blood. The lowland Yejju of Shewa and Wello are almost wholly Sunni Muslim. They live either as urban city dwellers or nomadic herders and traders. They speak Afaan Oromo or other languages to make trade easier with neighbors (Arabic, Afar, Somali, Harari, Agrobba).

What are their beliefs?
The Yejju are mostly Sunni Muslim but there are Orthodox Christian majorities within the Yejju residing in Gojjam or cities with predominant Amharas/Tigrais populations like Addis Abeba.

What are their needs?
The Yejju and the Oromo in general, have been heavily persecuted by both Christian and Muslim peoples. They are called strangers of the land due to not orginially being from Ethiopia but migrating from Northern Kenya around the 16th Century. Though present day, the Oromo's are not mistreated like older times and in fact Ethiopia's largest ethnic group.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-01-19
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Country: Ethiopia
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
Persecution Rank:39 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Widespread.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Oromo, Wollo / Yejju
People Name General: Oromo, Wollo / Yejju
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 110930
Joshua Project People ID: 15952
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 620,000
Population all Countries: 620,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Horn of Africa Peoples
People Cluster: Oromo
People Name General: Oromo, Wollo / Yejju
Ethnic Code: CMT33b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Oromo, West Central (620,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): gaz    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity1.30 %(Evangelical: 0.40 %)
Ethnic Religions18.70 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam80.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1841-1981
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1899-1998
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Oromo, West Central
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWalking with Jesus video
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Oromo, West Central
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Oromo, Wollo / Yejju in Ethiopia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Oromo     Africa, East and Southern    
      Oromo, Wollo / Yejju Ethiopia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Oromo, Wollo / Yejju in Ethiopia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Oromo, West Central  
    All Religions                              

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