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Zaramo in Tanzania


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Zaramo in Tanzania map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,286,000 Zaramo Islam 3.00 % 2.00 % No   

Zaramo in Tanzania

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Introduction / History
The Zaramo are a Bantu tribe who live in the coastal plains and low hills surrounding Dar es Salaam, Tanzania's capital. Many Zaramo also speak Swahili, the language of trade and communication for much of East Africa.

Before the eighteenth century, the Zaramo lived farther inland, and have only moved into the area around Dar es Salaam in the last 200 years. They could have become a powerful tribe in the region, but because of internal fighting, they have prevented themselves from gaining any real influence.

During the late nineteenth century, the Zaramo became prominent traders, dealing in ivory, salt, fish, and rhinoceros hides. They were also highly involved in the slave trade and would hunt slaves from other tribes.

What are their lives like?
Although a few Zaramo live in cities such as Dar es Salaam and follow modern professions and lifestyles, most continue to live in the countryside and earn a living as farmers. They raise cash crops that include mangoes, oranges, and coconuts, as well as cashews and rice. Rice is usually sold in the cities. Other plants cultivated include tobacco, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, pineapples, sugarcane, limes, and cucumbers. The Zaramo also raise livestock, with goats, sheep, and chickens being the most important.

In rural areas, the Zaramo live in rectangular houses made of a framework of poles tied into place and plastered over with mud. The roofs are thatched with grass or reeds, or woven from coconut palm fronds. More prosperous Zaramo have homes with concrete floors, plastered walls, and corrugated iron roofs. Their villages are small, and vast spaces are completely uninhabited due to a scarcity of water.

Zaramo marriages are usually polygamous (one man having several wives) and divorce is frequent among them. The birth of a child is a great event for the family and clan, especially if the child is a girl, since the birth of a girl ensures the passing on of the family name.

What are their beliefs?
Today, the Zaramo are predominantly Muslim. Although they adhere to the teachings of the Koran and observe basic Islamic practices, many have mingled their Islamic beliefs with their traditional ethnic religion. Islam has only gained a foothold among them in the last 100 years.

Traditional Zaramo religion contained many folk beliefs. Formerly, the people made pilgrimages to a cave to honor a spirit called Kolelo. There, they made a sacrifice to Kolelo, preferable a black goat. After harvesting their crops, they performed a ceremony to purify the harvest. They believed that if a person refused to make this sacrifice, he would become ill.

Other Zaramo beliefs include the idea that the rustling of leaves or a gust of wind meant that a spirit was passing by. They also believed that an eclipse of the moon was considered to be a war between the sun and the moon. The Zaramo greatly fear poison and witchcraft, which they hold to be the causes of nearly all deaths.

What are their needs?
The Zaramo follow folk beliefs as well as the Islamic religion. The New Testament is available in their language. Prayer and intercession are needed to break the strongholds that are keeping them bound. The Zaramo need laborers who are willing to go and work among them.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers into Tanzania to share Christ with the Zaramo.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Zaramo.
* Pray that God will give the Zaramo believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a vigorous Zaramo church for the glory of His name!
* Pray that Christian radio broadcasts and the Jesus film will be made available to the Zaramo.

View Zaramo in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-12-18
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-01-12
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-01-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-02-01
Global Prayer Digest: 2018-01-22
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Country: Tanzania
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Pwani region: Kisarawe and Bagamoyo districts, between Bagamoyo and Dar es Salaam; Morogoro region.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Zaramo
People Name General: Zaramo
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 111153
Joshua Project People ID: 16090
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,286,000
Population all Countries: 1,286,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Bantu, Swahili
People Name General: Zaramo
Ethnic Code: NAB57j
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Zaramo
Language Code (ISO): zaj    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Swahili (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity3.00 %(Evangelical: 2.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam95.00 % 
Non-Religious2.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant70.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic30.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1967
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, New Testament
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Zaramo
Text / Printed MatterDownload scripture in this language
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Zaramo in Tanzania

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Bantu, Swahili     Africa, East and Southern    
      Zaramo Tanzania    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Zaramo in Tanzania          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Zaramo  
    All Religions                              

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