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Adi Dravida in India

Adi Dravida

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Adi Dravida in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
8,683,000 Tamil Hinduism 0.10 % Unknown   

Adi Dravida in India

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Introduction / History
The Adi Dravida of southern India were called the Paraiyar. Due to the negative connotation of the name Paraiyar or pariah in English, the leaders of this community in the early 20th century requested that their name become Adi Dravida or "original Dravidians." Today, the Adi Dravida are a scheduled caste which means they receive special benefits for government jobs and places in education to rectify past societal wrongs. In the past, many of the Adi Dravida were indigent agricultural workers tied to the land. They were also forced to live by themselves in hamlets outside the other villages and towns.

Where are they located?
The Adi Dravida live primarily in the southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kanarkata. Some are scattered across the rest of India. They speak Tamil and other regional languages.

What are their lives like?
The Adi Dravida have been poor farmers and agricultural workers. Some own their own land while others labor for land owners. Some Adi Dravida are shoe makers and leather workers. Others dig graves and take care of funerals.

The Adi Dravida are endogamous; that is, they marry within their caste. They do not practice child marriage.

The men spend the day working the soil growing rice, other grains, fruits and vegetables. Women tend to family responsibilities and also help the men in the fields. Unfortunately, illiteracy is high among the Adi Dravida. By giving the Adi Dravida scheduled status the Indian government is trying to increase literacy and access to higher paying jobs. Some Adi Dravida are educated and entered professions like medicine, engineering and law.

What are their beliefs?
Most Adi Dravida are Hindu. They worship the Hindu gods like Vishnu, Shiva, Rama, Krishna and Hanuman. Due to their low caste, sometimes Adi Dravida have not been allowed entry into Hindu temples. This fact has led some leaders to encourage the people to leave Hinduism and to embrace Buddhism.

Prayer Points
Pray that God would create a hunger for His Word among the Adi Dravida. The complete Bible is available in Tamil.
Pray that the Lord would lead Indian Christians to become friends with the Adi Dravida to help them with their educational and vocational needs.
Pray that the small number of Adi Dravida Christians will be discipled and share the gospel with their brothers and sisters.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:8,683,000
Largest States:
Tamil Nadu (7,129,000)Karnataka (934,000)
Andhra Pradesh (313,000)Puducherry (168,000)
Maharashtra (50,000)Delhi (6,700)
Kerala (5,000)Gujarat (2,700)
Odisha (2,300)West Bengal (1,800)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Adi Dravida
People Name General: Adi Dravida
Alternate People Names:
Adi DravidarChakkiliyan
Sambanआदि ड्रॅविडा
ROP3 Code: 111266
Joshua Project People ID: 16164
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 8,683,000
Population all Countries: 8,683,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Dalit - other
People Name General: Adi Dravida
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tamil (7,695,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tam    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Telugu (449,000)Kannada (346,000)
Tulu (54,000)Konkani, Goan (4,600)
Malayalam (4,500)Odia (400)
English (300)Konkani (200)
Total Languages: 9
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.09 % 
Christianity0.10 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.81 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.01 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1714-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1727-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsGeneral Ministry Resources
Audio RecordingsLove letter to you from scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsRecorded oral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralComprehensive list of Tamil Resources
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppBible app direct APK download
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Tamil
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Tamil
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Adi Dravida in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Dalit - other     Asia, South    
      Adi Dravida India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Adi Dravida in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Tamil  
    All Religions                              

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