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Agri in India


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
519,000 Marathi Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Agri in India

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Introduction / History
The Agris are an ethnic community native to Mumbai. They had migrated to Mumbai during the 13th century during the reign of Raja Bhimdev. The name Agri (pronounced "agari") comes from Agar, a salt-pan. The original name seems to be Agle. The tradition common among them is that they originally dwelt at Mungi Paithan and were transported to the Konkan by Bimbaraja and it is alleged that there are in existence sanads given by him to certain persons of the caste.

A legend states that two sons, Agla and Mangla, were born to the sage Agasti. The former become the ancestor of the Agris, the latter of the Mangelas (fishermen). The first was told to support himself by the manufacture of salt from the sea, the latter by fishing. The god Parashuram, intending to throw back the sea, was prevented by the intervention of the Agri and Mangela women. At their request he consented to throw it back only 27 miles and the strip thus formed become the Konkan.

There is another legend to the effect that they are the musicians of Ravan, the demon-king of South India, who in reward for good services settled them in the Konkan. Agris claim to be Kahatriyas of Khatris. The late or Aryan element which they claim and which appears in some of their surnames, according to their story, was introduced into the Konkan from Paithan in the Deccan, when the Deccan was conquered by the Muslims at the close of the thirteenth century.

The famous Chirner Andolan made by Agris in 1930 served as force to invoking "Kul Kaida" by the government. It means that the one who cultivates the land will be the real owner of the land and the system of Jamindari was abolished. It benefited every Kul of Maharashtra. On the other hand, it states that Kunbi are subdivision of the Agri and subgroup of the Koli.

Where are they located?
At present they are distributed in Rajasthan, Delhi, Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Amli, Agriwad, Vaghchhipa), Gujarat (Karajgam, Barai, Goima) and Maharashtra. The Agri of Maharashtra are also known as Agle and Kharpatil. They are distributed in the Raigad and Thane Districts and in the suburban area of Bombay city. The population of Agri in Bombay Province, according to the 1931 census, was 265,285. They speak the Indo-Aryan language Marathi at home as well as outside and use the Devanagri script.

What are their lives like?
Three major districts of Maharashtra, namely Thane, Raigad and Mumbai, are shelters of Agri Samaj. Salt making, fishery at the sea coast and farming of rice are the major occupations of this community. Rice bread, steamed rice with meat and fish is their daily diet. Not just men but women also help in earning the daily bread. Women take care of their house as well as manage the professional transactions. This is the major reason why there is no dowry systems experience in this community.

They celebrate Ganesh Utsav, Navratri, Hanuman Jayanti and Ram Navmi and fairs with lots of fun and devotion. This community is gifted with lovely and traditional customs along with their adventurous and prosperous occupation of fishing.

These people celebrate marriage with lots of fun and enjoyment. The Haldi ceremony is held before the day of marriage. On this day men and women gather and dance freely with all means of freedom. All young and elder women are provided freedom to dance and they are nowhere bounded with any specific fencing. This shows what a free atmosphere the men and women experience here.

A major change or turning point in an individual's life is the time he marries someone. No role of dowry system is observed strictly in this community. Giving of dowry as well as acceptance of dowry both are considered to be taboo. If we go through India's history we find many cases of dominating and suppressing women for dowry. But women in this community are pretty safe.

Now-a-days, Agri people are more business oriented. People have extensive real estate property which was earlier used for farming. They are fond of Gold and Agri women wear heavy gold ornaments.

View Agri in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-08-13
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-11-18
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:519,000
Largest States:
Maharashtra (422,000)Gujarat (73,000)
Goa (6,800)Uttarakhand (3,300)
Madhya Pradesh (3,200)Rajasthan (3,100)
Uttar Pradesh (1,100)Chhattisgarh (900)
Delhi (800)Karnataka (700)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Agri
People Name General: Agri
Alternate People Names:
KharpatilMith Agri
ShilpakarSilpkar Agri
ROP3 Code: 111284
Joshua Project People ID: 16180
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 519,000
Population all Countries: 519,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Agri
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Marathi (182,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mar    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Konkani, Goan (83,000)Konkani (82,000)
Gujarati (69,000)Hindi (11,000)
Sindhi (6,000)Garhwali (2,200)
Kacchi (1,200)Marwari (600)
Kannada (200)Dhundari (100)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 15
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism2.27 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism97.73 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1807-1957
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1821-2022
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Bible
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Marathi
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Marathi
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Marathi
Text / Printed MatterLove letter to you from scripture
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Agri in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Agri India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Agri in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Marathi  
    All Religions                              

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