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Anal in India


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
27,000 Anal Christianity 98.17 % Unknown No No   

Anal in India

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Introduction / History
The tribe known as the Anal is a scheduled tribe. They declared themselves Nagas (ethnically) in 1963. The Anal are an offshoot of the Pakan community. According to legend, the Pakan community split into four groups: the Anal, the Lamkang, the Monsang and the Moyon.

Where are they located?
The Anal is located in the Chandel, Chakpikarong and Tengnoupal subdivisions, on the banks of the Chakpi River in the district of Manipur. Some of the Anal (Pakan) are also located in the Bangladesh, Myammar and the bordering areas.

What are their lives like?
The Anal, like all other tribals of the region, live a simple life. They have a patriarchal type of family. The society is divided into two moieties or tribal divisions known as "khul". These are the Chanang (Masum) and the Kori (Mochal). By preference a man will try to marry his mother's brother's daughter. Brides are acquired by arranged marriage or by eloping. A bride price is paid in cash by the prospective husband.

They communicate within the tribe using the Anal language and use Meitei for communication outside the group.

The leaders of the group are the kholpu (presides over traditional ceremonies), the dopu (the physician), the tholpu (the blacksmith) and the elders of the tribe.

What are their beliefs?
Previously the tribe held belief in a supreme being named Asa Pavan. At present, the overwhelming majority of the population is Christian.

What are their needs?
The tribe needs general development and higher education.

- Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version:
- Singh, K. S. 1999. India's Communities, Oxford University Press USA.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:27,000
Largest States:
Manipur (26,000)Delhi (100)
Nagaland (30)Haryana (20)
Punjab (20)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Anal
People Name General: Anal
Alternate People Names:
Kuki ChinLaizo
ROP3 Code: 111322
Joshua Project People ID: 16211
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 27,000
Population all Countries: 27,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Anal
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Anal (22,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): anm    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (90)English (50)
Chin, Thado (50)Naga, Inpui: Naga, Kabui (20)
Naga, Tangkhul (20)Gangte (20)
Arabic, Mesopotamian Spok (10)Assamese (10)
Vaiphei (10)Meitei (Unknown)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 30
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.10 % 
Christianity98.17 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism1.19 % 
Islam0.33 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.05 % 
Unknown0.15 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a larger relative representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 6   Greater than or equal to 10% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1949-1983
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2006-2015
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
Text / Printed MatterBible: Anal
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Anal in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Anal India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Anal in India          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Anal  
    All Religions                              

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