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Bairagi (Hindu traditions) in India

Bairagi (Hindu traditions)

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Bairagi (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
4,170,000 Hindi Hinduism 0.00 % Unknown   

Bairagi (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
During the British period the Bairagi were known as priests, rulers and landowners. As Brahmins, the Bairagi are the highest caste in the Hindu system. Many Bairagi men serve are priests and teachers of Hinduism to the lower castes.

The first language of the Bairagi is Hindi. As an educated people, they also speak English and the local languages where they live.

Many resources are available in Hindi including a complete Bible, the JESUS Film and radio programs. There are few if any known Bairagi believers.

The Bairagi people live throughout India. Smaller groups live in Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

What are their lives like?
Brahmins are the keepers of Hinduism. When one of the three lower castes has a wedding, funeral, or birth, they hire the services of a Brahmin priest to officiate the ceremonies. The Bairagi own land which is frequently worked by lower castes.

Parents strongly encourage their sons to attend university while their daughters might only have a primary or secondary education. Many Bairgai women stay home, rear children and take care of domestic concerns.

Marriage to one person is the norm. Families and young people choose their spouses. Bairagi marry within their group or with other Brahmins. Besides working as priests, Bairagi work in the professions, in government and in finance. Many prominent gurus, religious leaders and politicians in Indian history have been Bairagi.

A mark (tilak) on the forehead and ear are identification marks of the Brahmin Bairagi.

What are their beliefs?
The Bairagi people practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. Hinduism is a catch-all phrase for the local religions of South Asia, so it is very diverse. A proper Bairagi is one whose principal deity is either the preserver god Vishnu or any of his incarnations, like Rama and Krishna. They worship Gouranga as their family deity.

At the popular level, Hindus worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods as Christians do. There are other Hindus who are much more philosophical, especially among Brahmins like the Bairagi.

Almost all Hindus participate in yearly celebrations like Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring / Diwali, the festival of lights / Navratri, the celebration of autumn / and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.

What are their needs?
The spiritual pride of the Brahmins can often keep them from coming to Christ. To follow Christ is to risk disturbing family harmony within this Hindu community. Much sustained, focused prayer is needed to prepare the hearts of the Bairagi community to understand and receive the good news of Jesus of Nazareth.

Prayer Points
Ask the Lord to send Holy Spirit anointed workers to the Bairagi.

Ask the Lord to create a spiritual hunger among the Bairagi and that they might read the Hindi Bible and tune in to radio programs.

Pray that the Lord raises up a growing church among the Bairagi in this decade.

Pray for the Hindu Bairagi community to make schooling for both boys and girls a priority.


View Bairagi (Hindu traditions) in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-29
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-09-07
Global Prayer Digest: 2018-09-10
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-05-14
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:4,170,000
Largest States:
West Bengal (1,421,000)Rajasthan (637,000)
Gujarat (458,000)Bihar (275,000)
Madhya Pradesh (271,000)Uttar Pradesh (206,000)
Maharashtra (191,000)Odisha (156,000)
Chhattisgarh (154,000)Punjab (138,000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Bairagi (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Bairagi (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
BairagiBairagi Bawa
Bairagi BostomBaishnab
Bhat BrahmanBhat Brahmin
ROP3 Code: 111424
Joshua Project People ID: 16297
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 4,170,000
Population all Countries: 4,669,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Bairagi (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hindi (1,148,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (1,089,000)Gujarati (342,000)
Marwari (117,000)Odia (115,000)
Bhojpuri (104,000)Chhattisgarhi (82,000)
Punjabi, Eastern (72,000)Marathi (69,000)
Dhundari (59,000)Malayalam (54,000)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 49
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.02 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.98 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1835-2019
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoLove letter to you from scripture
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoRivka video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Hindi
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Bairagi (Hindu traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Bairagi (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Bairagi (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hindi  
    All Religions                              

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