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Bathudi in India


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
272,000 Odia Hinduism 0.07 % Unknown   

Bathudi in India

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Introduction / History
The Bathudi live primarily in the districts of Mayurbhanj, Kendujhargarh, and Balasore in the state of Orissa, East India. Most Bathudi are bilingual, speaking their native language, Bathudi, and Oriya. Bathudi is an unclassified language that is perhaps unlike all other tribal languages. Like most Indians, the Bathudi are primarily Hindu.

The ancestors of the Bathudi emigrated from Bakua in the Similipal hills, following the course of the Godavari River. After a time of bitter conflict and tribal warfare with the Gond, the Bathudi were eventually defeated. Today, the Bathudi live among the Santal, the Gond, the Munda, and the Ho people groups.

The social organization of the Bathudi maintains a hierarchy of castes (heriditary classes) and sub-groups, some of which are the same as those of the neighboring Hindu groups.

What are their lives like?
The Bathudi were traditionally fishermen. Today, however, they depend primarily on farming or wage-earning jobs. They live in the plains areas in the midst of different castes and tribes. The amount of land they own is insufficient for meeting their basic needs, and hunting and fishing are no longer practiced as an added income. Therefore, many are dependent on income from petty businesses, such as buying rice and selling it for a higher price.

The Bathudi tribe is divided into more than 56 sections, or khili. Marriage within the same section is prohibited. Weddings are expensive for the poor Bathudi. Most marriages are arranged by the groom's parents. Before the parents seek a wife for their son, they consult an astrologer to see if his marriage to a particular woman will be successful. Once the marriage is arranged, a ceremony takes place in the bride's village. In the past, marriages were celebrated with dancing, but now the guests are entertained with a festive meal.

The Bathudi have given up drinking alcohol and eating beef or pork. Instead, they enjoy eating termites and red ants. Rice is their staple food, accompanied by green leaves or vegetables. They are mostly vegetarians, due to the non-availability of game and their low incomes. For religious ceremonies, however, the Bathudi will eat fowl.

The Bathudi live in villages consisting of various tribes. However, within these villages, the Bathudi have separate settlements. Their houses are arranged in two rows alongside the main street. Their mud-walled huts generally have two rooms. The inner room is used for sleeping and cooking, while the goats and poultry roam freely in the outer room. The Bathudi usually paint the walls of their homes red or white. They sleep on palm leaf mats, and wooden furniture is rarely found.

The dress of the Bathudi is similar to the surrounding tribal dress. An older man will wear a dhoti, or a cotton loincloth. An older woman will wear a sari, or a piece of cloth that has one end wrapped around the waist as a skirt and the other draped over the shoulder or covering the head. The younger girls and boys are more influenced by outside contact and often wear Western-style clothing. Women typically wear glass bangles on their wrists, rings on their fingers and toes, nose-rings, and earrings. Necklaces, anklets, and hair clips are also worn. The wealthier Bathudi wear gold and silver jewelry.

What are their beliefs?
The Bathudi are mostly Hindu, and their beliefs and practices are the same as those of the neighboring Hindu tribes. The village gods are worshipped by the village priest, who serves as a mediator between the villagers and the gods. The Bathudi have not yet completely lost their belief in magic and witchcraft.

What are their needs?
Additional Christian laborers are needed, as well as much prayer.

Prayer Points
Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers who will minister to the Bathudi.
Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Bathudi.
Pray that God will use the Bathudi believers to share Christ with their families, friends, and neighbors.
Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin fervently interceding for the Bathudi.
Ask the Lord to bring forth a strong and growing Bathudi church for the glory of His name!

View Bathudi in all countries.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:272,000
Largest States:
Odisha (256,000)West Bengal (9,100)
Jharkhand (4,100)Delhi (200)
Bihar (30)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Bathudi
People Name General: Bathudi
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 111477
Joshua Project People ID: 16341
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 272,000
Population all Countries: 272,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Bathudi
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Odia (217,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ory    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (9,500)Hindi (1,000)
Santhali (600)Oriya, Adivasi (300)
Munda (300)Ho (200)
Mundari (100)Kuvi (30)
Marathi (30)Naga, Ao (20)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 20
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.07 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.75 % 
Islam0.09 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.01 % 
Unknown0.07 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1811-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1815-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Odia
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoRivka video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Odia
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Bathudi in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Bathudi India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Bathudi in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Odia  
    All Religions                              

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