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Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions) in India

Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions)

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Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
5,248,000 Hindi Hinduism 2.01 % Unknown   

Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
Bhangi is an Indian caste that was previously classed as untouchable. They have many subdivisions. They prefer to be called "Balmiki" or "Valmiki."

During the colonial period they were brought from villages to remove human excrement and clean the cities. They became an urban community.

Balmiki make up a cluster of communities, having united to form one community, claiming a common origin from the saint Balmiki. Balmiki is thought to be the first Sanskrit poet and author of the holy Hindu epic Ramayana, and was brought up by a sweeper woman although he was a Brahmin (highest Hindu caste) mendicant's son.

Where are they located?
These communities can be found throughout the states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Delhi, Gujarat, and the union territory of Chandigarh where they are locally known by various names mentioned above.

What are their lives like?
Bhangi people have been restricted to three types of work which are cleaning toilets, sweeping and scavenging. Scavenging can sometimes mean handling dead people. A child in a Bhangi family was forced to do this kind of work mainly because of finances.

Although there have been attempts to improve sanitation including banning the manual removal of human waste, some Bhangis are still doing that kind of work, and suffer much discrimination. Even Dalit castes classed as "backward" such as the Dhobi washer men are socially higher. The Bhangis are rightfully described as "outcasts even among outcasts."

Bhangi people occupy the lowliest position of the caste system. In time, with the introduction of septic latrines, the practice of carrying buckets of excrement on their heads is gone, but they still work to clear blockages in sewers where they are half submerged in filth. The stigma remains as they are still identified with the work they perform and considered untouchable and treated as such. They have always been marginalized and treated as outcasts socially, economically and culturally. Sweepers are now referred to as sanitary workers.

They were given names contrary to their position to give them dignity despite their lowly status such as Chuhra meaning "beautiful" and Mehtar, a Persian word meaning "prince" or "leader." However, Bhangi, the most widely used name, is a Hindi word meaning "one addicted to drinking bhang" (a drink made from marijuana leaves).

They are beginning to have opportunities to work in agricultural or contract labor, bamboo basketry, poultry and pig farming, wedding music, and midwifery.

What are their beliefs?
Most Bhagi people are Hindus, observing religious rites, festivals, and customs. Some Bhangis are Muslims though most Bhangis are strong Hindus but some have gone to other religions to get away from the social position that they have. This has generally not brought about changes for the better for them. In spite of all this, there are some Bhangis classed as Hindu saints.

What are their needs?
The primary need is to know the one true creator God who loves them no matter what others think of them.
Bhangi people have medical, social, economic, and educational needs.

Servants with broken hearts for them need to live among them to earn their trust and respect, offering physical help while communicating the gospel to them.

Prayer Points
* Pray that existing churches will grow and spread, producing many disciples among Bhangi people.
* Pray for God's blessing, strengthening and healing of families and communities within the Bhagi people through the abundant life and love Jesus offers to all nations.
* Pray for deliverance from the fear that hinders God's blessing from affecting Bhangi communities.


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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:5,248,000
Largest States:
Uttar Pradesh (1,347,000)Haryana (943,000)
Punjab (870,000)Rajasthan (472,000)
Gujarat (461,000)Madhya Pradesh (366,000)
Maharashtra (219,000)Bihar (212,000)
Uttarakhand (119,000)Chandigarh (84,000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 111546
Joshua Project People ID: 16399
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 5,248,000
Population all Countries: 7,089,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hindi (3,211,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Punjabi, Eastern (925,000)Gujarati (358,000)
Haryanvi (104,000)Marathi (73,000)
Dhundari (69,000)Awadhi (67,000)
Kanauji (64,000)Marwari (44,000)
Bagri (30,000)Shekhawati (28,000)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 51
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.43 % 
Christianity2.01 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism92.91 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small4.65 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1835-2012
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Hindi
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoA Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / VideoCoconuts
Film / VideoCreation to Christ
Film / VideoFather's Love Letter
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralYeshu Samaj
Mobile AppDownload Audio Bible app as APK File fro ...
Mobile AppDownload Audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version (SuperBible)
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path (Hindi)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hindi  
    All Religions                              

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