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Valmiki, Balmiki in Pakistan

Valmiki, Balmiki

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Valmiki, Balmiki in Pakistan map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,760,000 Punjabi, Western Christianity 94.48 % Unknown No   

Valmiki, Balmiki in Pakistan

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Introduction / History
Bhangi is a Hindu caste that was previously classed as Dalit. They have many subdivisions. They prefer to be called "Balmiki" or "Valmiki." During the colonial period they were brought from villages to remove human excrement and clean the cities. They became an urban community. Balmiki make up a cluster of communities, having united to form one community, claiming a common origin from the saint Balmiki. Balmiki is thought to be the first Sanskrit poet and author of the holy Hindu epic Ramayana and was brought up by a sweeper woman although he was a Brahmin mendicant's son. Despite these claims, this community holds unusually low status among Hindus.

What are their lives like?
In time, with the introduction of septic latrines, the practice of carrying buckets of excrement on their heads is gone, but they still work to clear blockages in sewers where they are half submerged in filth. The stigma remains as they are still identified with the work they perform. Even Dalit castes classed as "backward" such as the Dhobi washer men are socially higher. The Bhangis are rightfully described as "outcasts even among outcasts." They have always been marginalized and treated as outcasts socially, economically and culturally. Sweepers are now referred to as sanitary workers.

What are their beliefs?
The Balmiki people are Hindus, even in Muslim Pakistan. Hindus tend to worship the gods they believe will protect and benefit them. As the lowest of the low, the Balmikis are not always welcome at Hindu temples.

What are their needs?
Most Bhangis are refused education; teachers and students don’t want them nearby. It is very difficult for the Bhangis to find work as they are unwanted.

Prayer Points
Pray for a spiritual hunger that will send the Balmiki people into the loving arms of Jesus. Pray for workers to go to them until there is a church planting movement. Pray for the Lord to raise up people to help them rise above their low economic standings.


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Country: Pakistan
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:5 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,760,000
Largest Provinces:
Punjab (1,510,000)Sindh (227,000)
Islamabad (16,000)Balochistan (6,100)
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (1,700)Gilgit-Baltistan (30)
Azad Kashmir (20)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Valmiki, Balmiki
People Name General: Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 111546
Joshua Project People ID: 16399
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,760,000
Population all Countries: 7,056,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Punjabi, Western (1,623,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pnb    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Saraiki (406,000)Sindhi (85,000)
Marwari (29,000)Urdu (9,100)
Dhatki (4,600)English (3,000)
Pahari-Potwari (2,100)Hindko, Southern (1,000)
Kacchi (400)Hindko, Northern (300)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 13
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity94.48 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism5.52 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a larger relative representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1885-1922
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, New Testament
Audio RecordingsFather's Love Letter
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Punjabi, Western
Film / VideoThe Return
Film / VideoThe Return
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterCartoon Gospel tract
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Valmiki, Balmiki in Pakistan

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions) Pakistan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Valmiki, Balmiki in Pakistan          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Punjabi, Western  
    All Religions                              

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