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Charan (Hindu traditions) in India

Charan (Hindu traditions)

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Charan (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
375,000 Gujarati Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Charan (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The Charans are a caste living in the Rajasthan and Gujarat states of India, as well as the Sindh and Balochistan provinces of Pakistan. They are well known for their contribution to the literature of Rajasthan, Sindh, and Gujarat as well as the earliest literature of Hindi. As Akbar's historian Abul Fazl pointed out Charans are good poets and better soldiers. They were a part of the landed aristocracy in Rajasthan and Gujarat, receiving jagirs and shashans for their literary and military services. They were considered a divine community among Hindus, tracing their origins to ancient India, mentioned numerous times in Puranas, Mahabharata and Ramayan, and other sacred texts. They were pastoral in ancient times, before becoming feudal coming in contact with Rajputs in the medieval era.

Where are they located?
Hindu Charans mainly reside in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra (Gujarat border). A small number of Hindu Charans still live in rural eastern Sindh (Pakistan), in the Thar Parkar district. There are few villages of Hindu Charans in Haryana (Rajasthan border) also.

What are their lives like?
Charans historically received shashans and jagirs, which made them part of the feudal system in Rajasthan and Gujarat, and Amarkot (Sindh). Charans were poets, soldiers, merchants, horse traders, caravan protectors, and cattle breeders. At present, Charans are mainly engaged in government services at administrative positions. Many farm their lands and work in agriculture.

What are their beliefs?
Charans believe in the Hinglaj, whose main temples are located in Balochistan and in Nagar-Thatta(Sindh) in Pakistan. Goddess Hinglaj is considered the first avatar of Shakti in Charans, laters ones being Awar Maa, Karni Ji, Tanot Rai, Khodiyar, Mogal, and many others.

Kamphorst, Janet (2008). In Praise of Death: History and Poetry in Medieval Marwar. Leiden University Press. ISBN 978-90-8728-044-4.

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Global Prayer Digest: 2008-10-19
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:375,000
Largest States:
Rajasthan (179,000)Gujarat (139,000)
Maharashtra (40,000)Madhya Pradesh (12,000)
Daman and Diu (400)Tamil Nadu (300)
Dadra and Nagar Haveli (200)Delhi (200)
Telangana (100)West Bengal (80)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Charan (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Charan (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 111764
Joshua Project People ID: 16571
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 375,000
Population all Countries: 416,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Charan (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Gujarati (115,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): guj    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (72,000)Marwari (57,000)
Kacchi (17,000)Dhundari (13,000)
Marathi (9,600)Mewari (9,500)
Haroti: Harauti (6,900)Shekhawati (6,800)
Konkani (6,300)Nimadi (1,200)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 13
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.95 % 
Islam0.05 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1809-1965
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1823-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoCreation to Christ
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Gujarati
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Gujarati
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Gujarati
Text / Printed MatterLove letter to you from scripture
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Charan (Hindu traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Charan (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Charan (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Gujarati  
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