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Chanal in India



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Map source: Omid / Joshua Project
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
27,000 Mandeali Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Chanal in India

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Introduction / History
The 26,000 Chanal people are scattered throughout India's northern, mountainous state of Himachal Pradesh. They are almost all rural dwellers who farm for a living. Under the nautor scheme, landless peoples like the Chanals were given land to farm, but the yield was so poor in this mountainous region that it wasn't sufficient for their needs. So they have to make ends meet by working for others or doing petty business. Many of their children have to work. Traditionally they were sharecroppers and agricultural laborers for the powerful Rajputs. They had a patron-client relationship with them then, and they still do today.

What are their lives like?
The Chanal people have benefitted from development projects in the last couple of decades. Projects have brought them electricity, drinking water, roads, post offices, banks, health care facilities and schools. Unfortunately, these Dalits still suffer from a low literacy rate, and many are not aware of health care methods.

What are their beliefs?
Most of the Chanal people are Hindu. Operation World tells us that there are only about one in 1,000 who follow Christ in Himachal Pradesh. The mountainous terrain makes it especially difficult for them to hear new ideas from outside. The Chanal people also speak their own dialect, which isolates them even further. They are among the most difficult people group to reach with the gospel.

Prayer Points
* Pray that the Lord will somehow send His gospel message to the Chanal people in Himachal Pradesh.

View Chanal in all countries.

Prayer Links  
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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:27,000
Largest States:
Himachal Pradesh (25,000)Punjab (1,400)
Haryana (300)Chandigarh (60)
Uttar Pradesh (60)
Total States on file:5
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Chanal
People Name General: Chanal
Alternate People Names:
ChunalHali
चानाल
ROP3 Code: 111812
Joshua Project People ID: 16606
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 27,000
Population all Countries: 27,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Hindi
People Name General: Chanal
Ethnic Code: CNN25n
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Mandeali (5,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mjl    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Punjabi, Eastern (4,600)Kangri (4,600)
Hindi (3,800)Pahari, Kullu (2,100)
Pahari, Mahasu (2,100)Chambeali (1,900)
Bhattiyali (1,400)Sirmauri (500)
Bilaspuri (200)Churahi (200)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 12
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism1.20 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism97.81 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.99 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1970
New Testament:
2017
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Mandeali
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Chanal in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Hindi     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Chanal India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Chanal in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Mandeali  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=16606&rog3=IN