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Chuhra in India


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Chuhra in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,319,000 Punjabi, Eastern Hinduism 14.03 % Unknown   

Chuhra in India

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Introduction / History
The Chura are one of the poorest peoples and most discriminated against peoples of India. The other castes of India including the Muslims and Sikhs consider them to be Dalits or untouchables. The main occupations of the Churas have been sweeping the streets, cleaning up excrement and disposing of dead animals. They are frequently denied entrance into Hindu temples and Muslim mosques. Less than half of Churas can read and write.

The Churas are a Scheduled people in India. The government provides special places for them in public jobs and education due to the past discrimination. The Churas are now legally referred to as Balmiki.

As Churas move into the cities, their young people now have the opportunity to attend schools and hope to better their position in life. Chura unions have secured better salaries and working conditions.

Where are they located?
The large majority of the Churas live in the Indian states of Punjab and Haryana. Others live in other north and west regions of India.

What are their lives like?
Even with the help of the Indian government, the Churas or Balmiki live very challenging lives. Although the caste system has been officially eliminated, the Churas experience daily discrimination by higher castes particularly in the rural areas. They must live outside of villages in mud huts without electricity and plumbing. Only the lowest jobs are open to the Churas. Basket weaving is a source of income to Chura women. In the cities, Chura men often work in sewers and unclog drains and pipes. In rural areas, they often work as day laborers.

The Churas marry within their clan. Families arrange marriages. Girls are often married before they reach puberty. Sons inherit what little property families own.
The Churas are non-vegetarians but can often afford only the simplest foods of rice, millet and seasonal vegetables. Churas must frequently walk long distances for clean water because villagers do not allow them to use the village well.

Alcoholism and opium use is a problem among the Churas.

What are their beliefs?
The Churas seems flexible in their beliefs. Although most consider themselves Hindus, they adopt the religious practices of the villages where they live whether Hindu, Muslim or Sikh.

The Churas often believe in evil spirits and ghosts. They employ shaman, priests and charms to drive them away.

Since the Churas are not allowed into temples and mosques, they build their own shrines and altars out of brick or mud.

What are their needs?
The Churas need to hear and believe in the gospel of Jesus Christ. They need to see themselves as valuable in God's eyes and that His Son dies for them. Young Chura people need education so they can begin to break out of the extreme poverty, which plagues their people.

Prayer Points
* Pray the Lord would send loving Christian workers to help the Churas in both their spiritual and physical needs.
* Pray the Christian Churas of Pakistan would reach out to share the gospel and disciple their brothers and sisters in India.
* Pray the Lord provides Christian schools and teachers to help educate the Churas.


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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:2,319,000
Largest States:
Punjab (1,137,000)Haryana (942,000)
Chandigarh (85,000)Rajasthan (49,000)
Delhi (40,000)Himachal Pradesh (38,000)
Jammu and Kashmir (7,500)
Total States on file:7
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Chuhra
People Name General: Chuhra
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 111825
Joshua Project People ID: 16618
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,319,000
Population all Countries: 3,657,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Punjabi
People Name General: Chuhra
Ethnic Code: CNN25n
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Punjabi, Eastern (1,346,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pan    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (826,000)Haryanvi (88,000)
Bagri (31,000)Marwari (8,300)
Mewari (6,600)Pahari, Mahasu (3,800)
English (2,900)Kangri (2,900)
Mandeali (2,100)Shekhawati (1,500)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 20
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.13 % 
Christianity14.03 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism74.40 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small11.43 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 6   Greater than or equal to 10% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1818-1954
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1959-2002
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoEyes of the Heart
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoSatsung of the Sadguru Jesus
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoWho Can Help You?
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ - Panjabi
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Chuhra in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Punjabi     Asia, South    
      Chuhra India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Chuhra in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Punjabi, Eastern  
    All Religions                              

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