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Eravallan in India

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Eravallan in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
9,200 Tamil Hinduism 0.23 % Unknown   

Eravallan in India

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Introduction / History
The Eravallan are a small, indigenous people who live in the south Indian states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. The Eravallan have isolated themselves from other south Indian peoples due the remote places where they live. They were traditionally nomadic hunter-gatherers but in recent times have settle down to live in villages. The Eravallan are a Scheduled Tribe meaning they are eligible for public jobs and special status for university admissions.

Most Eravallan are unable to read and write. Some have resisted the Indian government's plan to integrate them into mainstream culture. The Eravallan are fearful if they allow government schools and programs into to their villages that they will lose their unique way of life. The government has set up primary schools in the Eravallan villages hoping to educate the children in the Tamil language. Up until a few years ago, linguists considered the language of the Eravallan to be a dialect of Tamil. Now Eravallan has been reclassified at a distinct language. There is no script for the Eravallan language. Some Eravallan can speak standard Tamil. Many Christian resources are available in Tamil but none as of yet in Eravallan.

Where are they located?
The Hindu Eravallan people live in the southern tip of India. Most of them live in remote areas of the Western Ghat Mountains.

What are their lives like?
The primary occupation of the Eravallan is agriculture although they still hunt animals for food and roam the forests and hills looking for edible plants.

The Eravallan live much like their ancestors without the amenities of electricity, indoor plumbing or modern medicine. Their lives are short compared to most Indian peoples. They are one of the most impoverished groups of people in south India. Some Eravallan work on tea and coffee plantations. Some Eravallan own small plots of land where they grow coconuts, palm trees, rice, and vegetables.

The Eravallan live in houses made of wood and mud. A village elder makes the main decisions for the village and settles legal disputes. The Eravallan marry within their group. Monogamy or marriage to one spouse is the norm.
The Eravallan have their own festivals, clothing, dances, and music which they have passed down for many generations.

What are their beliefs?
The official religion of the Eravallan is Hinduism but a devout, educated Hindu would consider them more animistic than Hindu. The Eravallan believe that spirits inhabit the forces of nature. These spirits and their ancestors must be appeased or they can bring disasters upon the people. A village shaman serves as physician and the mediator with the spirit world. The Eravallan utilize magic, spells, charms, and rituals to try to bring good fortune.

What are their needs?
As an isolated tribal people, the Eravallan have many physical and spiritual needs. Solar panels can bring them electricity. Modern medicine would improve their health and increase their lifespans. A team of linguists could create an alphabet for their language. Most of all, the Eravallan need to hear and understand the message of Jesus Christ. He alone can get them right with the one, true God and deliver them from their fear of evil spirits.

Prayer Points
Pray for Eravallan families of believers loving and serving others to grow reproducing churches.
Pray for a chain reaction of Eravallan families reaching families that results in thousands of new believers who share their faith with others.
Pray for grace and truth expanding into the entire Eravallan society as all believers learn to love others.
Pray that churches and believers will bless the entire Eravallan people group in such a way that God's love will change them like yeast changes dough.


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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:9,200
Largest States:
Kerala (5,700)Tamil Nadu (3,500)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Eravallan
People Name General: Eravallan
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 112009
Joshua Project People ID: 16760
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 9,200
Population all Countries: 9,200
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Eravallan
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tamil (6,600 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tam    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Malayalam (1,100)Irula (70)
Telugu (30)Kannada (20)
Total Languages: 5
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.23 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.65 % 
Islam0.05 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.06 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1714-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1727-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsGeneral Ministry Resources
Audio RecordingsLove letter to you from scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsRecorded oral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralComprehensive list of Tamil Resources
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Tamil
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Tamil
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Eravallan in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Eravallan India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Eravallan in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Tamil  
    All Religions                              

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