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Faqir in India


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Faqir in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
106,000 Urdu Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Faqir in India

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Introduction / History
The Faqir (or Fakir) of India are beggars by tradition. They are Sunni Muslim by religion. Fakir comes from the Arabic word meaning poverty. Some of them live in Muslim cemeteries. The mourning period for a death is forty days and then food is given to the poor. The birth pollution period is for forty days too.

What are their lives like?
In Uttar Pradesh, most of the Faqir are landowners and work in cultivation. Poultry work is a second occupation for them. Only a few do begging at Islamic shrines now but they have been discriminated against. They speak Urdu and a local dialect of Hindi. Most of them are living in multi caste villages where there are many religions. Every sub division has a caste council that judges local problems and matters. They are endogamous, which means they do not marry outside their group and also have a caste association that covers India.

In Gujarat, the Faqir are endogamous and marriages usually happen in their community. Parallel cousin marriages and cross cousin marriages are favored. They traditionally beg and some work at Sufi shrines. Most now work as laborers. They are a marginalized people group. Though Sunni Muslims, they have folk beliefs.

In Maharashtra, the Faqir speak Urdu and Marathi. They live in the regions of Amravati and Nagpur. They are endogamous and do parallel cousin and cross cousin marriages. They do begging but there is a slow change towards work such as selling baskets, crockery and also craft items. Most are laborers, particularly in Nagpur. They have been given the Other Backward Classes position which means they have a part in education and work. They are marginalized though.

In West Bengal, the Faqir are also called Sahajia and were beggars. They are supposed to be called by that name as they were followers of Sher Ali Sahaji who is classed as a Sufi saint. They are an endogamous caste. Most who work in cultivation live in the regions of Nadia, Howrah, Bankura, Birbhum, Purulia, Murshidabad and Malda. They cultivate jute and mustard seeds for example and produce cooking oil. A few are agricultural laborers but with no land. They speak Bengali and are Sunni Muslims. They have folk beliefs too.

What are their needs?
The Faqir speak Urdu, Hindu and Bengali. They have a low literacy level so the gospel will probably have to be presented in oral form.

Prayer Points
Pray that the Faqir though beggars by tradition will realize that Jesus Christ does not look down on them and that they will give their lives to Him.


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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-09-02
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-26
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-08-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-08-09
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:106,000
Largest States:
Uttar Pradesh (33,000)Haryana (13,000)
Madhya Pradesh (9,600)Delhi (8,700)
Punjab (8,300)Rajasthan (8,100)
Bihar (6,100)West Bengal (3,800)
Gujarat (3,100)Jharkhand (2,800)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Faqir
People Name General: Faqir
Alternate People Names:
FaqiraniFhakir Budbudki
GareriGhanta Fhakirlu
Ghanti FhakirPir
Turaka Budbudikiफ़क़ीर
ROP3 Code: 112012
Joshua Project People ID: 16762
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 106,000
Population all Countries: 132,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Muslim - other
People Name General: Faqir
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Urdu (43,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): urd    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (32,000)Punjabi, Eastern (9,100)
Bhojpuri (2,000)Bengali (1,900)
Gujarati (1,100)Marwari (900)
Awadhi (400)Haryanvi (300)
Kanauji (200)Mewari (100)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 18
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism33.32 % 
Islam60.31 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small6.37 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1747-1894
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1843-2022
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Audio RecordingsUrdu Online Audio Bible
Film / VideoGod's Love Story
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
Film / VideoThe Savior 6 - The Lord's Prayer
Film / VideoThe Savior 8 - Jesus is Risen
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralWalk with the Prophets and meet the Mess ...
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed MatterBible: Urdu
Text / Printed MatterBible: Urdu
Text / Printed MatterBible: Urdu
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Urdu
Text / Printed MatterLove letter to you from scripture
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Faqir in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Muslim - other     Asia, South    
      Faqir India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Faqir in India          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Urdu  
    All Religions                              

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