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Gamit in India

Gamit

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Gamit in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
457,000 Gamit Hinduism 10.34 % Unknown No   

Gamit in India

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Introduction / History
The Gamti live mainly in the Surat and Broach districts of Gujarat, India. Among the Bhil, the word gamta means headman, possibly giving the Gamti a feeling of superiority over other Bhil tribes. The Gamti are a regimented tribe and consider themselves distinct from the main lineage of Bhil. Their language, Gamti, is one of the Bhil languages.

Long ago, the prosperity of Gujarat state enticed people from the surrounding states, thus becoming a target of various Muslim tribes who made annual raids to the region for many years. The Islamic rulers reached their greatest power under the Moghal dynasty and overtook the Gujarat kingdom by the end of the thirteenth century. However, the Hindu Maratha fought the Moghals and also established an empire in Gujarat. While war continued between these and other groups over the Gujarat territory, the British rose to power by 1817. Attempting to mend what the Maratha left behind, they began dispersing farmland to the settlers.

What are their lives like?
Although other Bhil tribes (the Dubla, the Chodhari, and the Dhodia) live in the same region as the Gamti, they live in separate villages. Neither the Dhodia nor the Gamti intermarry with other groups. However, they do make exceptions by marrying the Chodhari Bhil. Cross-cousin marriages are also permitted. The men have more than one wife when they can afford it. The wives are "bought" while they are still young girls. At the wedding parties, it is customary for the men, rather than the women, to sing.

If a young couple wishes to marry but cannot afford the bride price, it is common for the girl to be willingly abducted by the young man. They return home after several months and have their union sanctioned.

The Gamti and the Chodhari are culturally very similar, but the traditions of the Gamti are much stronger. It is even said that they have one more rib than the others. The Gamti, unlike the Chodhari, do not have theatrical dramas at their festivals. Instead, community singing gives variety to their festivals. While the Dhodia women wear necklaces made of beads and coins, the Gamti women wear necklaces made of rows of shells.

Most of the Gamti have given up the nomadic lifestyles of their ancestors and have settled into farming. They inhabit the more richly forested eastern areas of Surat district, an area well known for its rich soils and fine cotton crop. Many others live in areas where, because of the heavy rainfall, they are able to cultivate rice. Forest labor, hunting, and fishing are secondary to agriculture, as well as trade labor in the cities.

Among the Gamti, the town leaders (headmen) have only social functions to perform. Village houses are usually scattered near the streams so that the people might easily draw water, fish, and water their cattle. Homes are typically built by hired labor. They are small bamboo huts made with tiled roofs. The poorer villagers live in mud huts that they build themselves. The important thing to note is that the Gamti residences are all beyond the tidal flows of the rivers.

Unlike many of the Bhil tribes, most of the Gamti have a high school or college education. Unfortunately, many Gamti are addicted to alcohol.

What are their beliefs?
The Gamti have deep-rooted beliefs in demons and witches. Beside the crocodile which is considered a god, they worship groups of deities made of shapeless pieces of stone or wood, placed under trees, where the supernatural beings are believed to dwell. The Gamti have no temples in which to hold their religious ceremonies.

What are their needs?
Much intercession must be made for the Gamti so that their eyes will be opened to the Truth.

Prayer Points
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that the Lord of the harvest will send forth quality laborers to live among the Gamti and show them Christ's love.
* Ask God to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Gamti.
* Pray for the effectiveness of the Jesus film among the Gamti.
* Ask God to give the Gamti believers boldness to share the Gospel with their own people.

View Gamit in all countries.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:457,000
Largest States:
Gujarat (380,000)Maharashtra (68,000)
Goa (2,300)Madhya Pradesh (1,900)
Tamil Nadu (1,700)Daman and Diu (900)
Rajasthan (600)Karnataka (500)
Dadra and Nagar Haveli (400)Delhi (300)
Total States on file:18
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Gamit
People Name General: Gamit
Alternate People Names:
BhilDaglij
GabitGabol
GamtaGamti
GapitGavati
GavitKharvi
Konkani MarathaMacvhi
MavchiMawachi
PadviPandvi
ROP3 Code: 112042
Joshua Project People ID: 16781
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 457,000
Population all Countries: 461,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asian, other
People Name General: Gamit
Ethnic Code: AUG06a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Gamit (363,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): gbl    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Gujarati (71,000)Bhili (23,000)
Marathi (15,000)Konkani, Goan (2,200)
Saurashtra (1,000)Hindi (900)
Dhanki (800)Kannada (500)
Nimadi (300)Telugu (200)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 34
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.02 % 
Christianity10.34 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism88.93 % 
Islam0.28 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.02 % 
Unknown0.40 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1975
New Testament:
1982
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Gamit
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Gamit in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Asian, other     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
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      Gamit India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Gamit in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Gamit  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=16781&rog3=IN