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Gamit in India


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Gamit in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
541,000 Gamit Hinduism 10.34 % Unknown No   

Gamit in India

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Introduction / History
The Gamit live mainly in the Surat and Broach districts of Gujarat, India. Among the Bhil, the word gamta means headman, possibly giving the Gamit a feeling of superiority over other Bhil tribes. The Gamit are a regimented tribe and consider themselves distinct from the main lineage of Bhil. Their language, Gamit, is one of the Bhil languages.

Long ago, the prosperity of Gujarat state enticed people from the surrounding states, thus becoming a target of various Muslim tribes who made annual raids to the region for many years. The Islamic rulers reached their greatest power under the Moghal dynasty and overtook the Gujarat kingdom by the end of the thirteenth century. However, the Hindu Maratha fought the Moghals and also established an empire in Gujarat. While war continued between these and other groups over the Gujarat territory, the British rose to power by 1817. Attempting to mend what the Maratha left behind, they began dispersing farmland to the settlers.

What are their lives like?
Although other Bhil tribes (the Dubla, the Chodhari, and the Dhodia) live in the same region as the Gamit, they live in separate villages. Neither the Dhodia nor the Gamit intermarry with other groups. However, they do make exceptions by marrying the Chodhari Bhil. Cross-cousin marriages are also permitted. The men have more than one wife when they can afford it. The wives are "bought" while they are still young girls. At the wedding parties, it is customary for the men, rather than the women, to sing.

If a young couple wishes to marry but cannot afford the bride price, it is common for the girl to be willingly abducted by the young man. They return home after several months and have their union sanctioned.

The Gamit and the Chodhari are culturally very similar, but the traditions of the Gamit are much stronger. It is even said that they have one more rib than the others. The Gamit, unlike the Chodhari, do not have theatrical dramas at their festivals. Instead, community singing gives variety to their festivals. While the Dhodia women wear necklaces made of beads and coins, the Gamit women wear necklaces made of rows of shells.

Most of the Gamit have given up the nomadic lifestyles of their ancestors and have settled into farming. They inhabit the more richly forested eastern areas of Surat district, an area well known for its rich soils and fine cotton crop. Many others live in areas where, because of the heavy rainfall, they are able to cultivate rice. Forest labor, hunting, and fishing are secondary to agriculture, as well as trade labor in the cities.

Among the Gamit, the town leaders (headmen) have only social functions to perform. Village houses are usually scattered near the streams so that the people might easily draw water, fish, and water their cattle. Homes are typically built by hired labor. They are small bamboo huts made with tiled roofs. The poorer villagers live in mud huts that they build themselves. The important thing to note is that the Gamit residences are all beyond the tidal flows of the rivers.

Unlike many of the Bhil tribes, most of the Gamit have a high school or college education. Unfortunately, many Gamit are addicted to alcohol.

What are their beliefs?
The Gamit have deep-rooted beliefs in demons and witches. Beside the crocodile which is considered a god, they worship groups of deities made of shapeless pieces of stone or wood, placed under trees, where the supernatural beings are believed to dwell. The Gamit have no temples in which to hold their religious ceremonies.

What are their needs?
Much intercession must be made for the Gamit so that their eyes will be opened to the Truth.

Prayer Points
Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the soil through worship and intercession.
Pray that the Lord of the harvest will send forth quality laborers to live among the Gamit and show them Christ's love.
Ask God to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Gamit.
Pray for the effectiveness of the Jesus film among the Gamit.
Ask God to give the Gamit believers boldness to share the Gospel with their own people.

View Gamit in all countries.

Prayer Links
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:541,000
Largest States:
Gujarat (446,000)Maharashtra (80,000)
Goa (2,700)Madhya Pradesh (2,200)
Tamil Nadu (1,900)Daman and Diu (1,100)
Rajasthan (700)Karnataka (600)
Dadra and Nagar Haveli (500)Delhi (400)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Gamit
People Name General: Gamit
Alternate People Names:
Konkani MarathaMacvhi
ROP3 Code: 112042
Joshua Project People ID: 16781
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 541,000
Population all Countries: 548,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Gamit
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Gamit (342,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): gbl    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Gujarati (72,000)Bhili (23,000)
Marathi (15,000)Konkani, Goan (2,200)
Saurashtra (1,000)Hindi (900)
Dangi (800)Kannada (500)
Nimadi (300)Telugu (200)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 33
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.02 % 
Christianity10.34 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism88.93 % 
Islam0.28 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.02 % 
Unknown0.40 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1975
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Gamit
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Gamit in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Gamit India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Gamit in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Gamit  
    All Religions                              

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