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Gujjar (Muslim traditions) in India

Gujjar (Muslim traditions)

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Gujjar (Muslim traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,199,000 Gujari Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Gujjar (Muslim traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
Gujjars (also known as Gurjars) entered India along with White Huns in 5th century A.D. from central Asia. Some of their clan names such as Hun, Aftali, etc. indicate that they were a part of the Hun tribe. They established their rule in present day Rajasthan by the name Gurjaratra in the 7th century A.D. Mihr Bhoja became their great emperor, who expanded the Gujjar ruled area to almost the entire northwestern part of India.There are several places in India and Pakistan named after their caste name as well as their different clans names such as Gujarat, Gujjaranwala, Gujjarkhan, Gujargarh, Gujarpur, Basigujjaran, Chachian, Khatanian, Kharian, Hunwara and many others. Three states ruled by Gujjar kings were even present at the time of Independence Day of India in 1947, which got emerged into India along with other states later on.

Where are they located?
Today they are found living in almost all the northwestern Indian states such as Rajasthan, Madhyapradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Uttaranchal Pradesh. They also live in large numbers in Pakistan's West Punjab, North West Frontier Province, Sindh and Azad Kashmir and also in Eastern Afghanistan.

What are their lives like?
In Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal areas, Gujjars are mostly pastoral nomads, having no villages or other permanent settlements. They roam behind their herds of cattle on carts and horses and make their temporary settlements under tents in forest areas. They move to high altitude hills in summer while came back to pastoral grounds of lowlands in winter. In Haryana and Rajasthan and Gujarat a very small section of Gujjars is semi nomadic while the rest of them in these areas and other areas are well settled people participating in animal husbandry and agriculture. Gujjars of some areas are also viewed by other people as a community of criminals such as cattle thieves, horse thieves and looters. However, this is a misconception. Some of them are very well-to-do and rich landlords. Generally Gujjars are tall, strong and sturdy people with fair skin color and sharp features. They are considered wrestlers from birth in some areas while their other favorite sport is to lift huge, heavy stones. They are also good horse riders.

What are their beliefs?
Gujjars are mostly Hindus in India, though in Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh they are mostly Sunni Muslims. Muslim Gujjars are also present in Uttaranchal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh in small numbers while in East Punjab they are Sikhs too. The nomadic Gujjars are almost all Sunni Muslims. Gujjars believe in their customary laws regarding their social life amongst themselves.

What are their needs?
They need education and to shun their out dated rituals such as child marriages etc. They need to be uplifted from their backwardness by incorporating policies such as of reservation for them in jobs and by teaching them the latest techniques in animal husbandry and agriculture. Efforts should be made to inspire them to leave their pastoral nomadic life by lending them material support they require.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-07
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,199,000
Largest States:
Jammu and Kashmir (1,145,000)Himachal Pradesh (36,000)
Uttar Pradesh (3,500)Haryana (2,300)
Madhya Pradesh (1,400)Uttarakhand (1,000)
Delhi (600)Maharashtra (90)
Ladakh (80)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Gujjar (Muslim traditions)
People Name General: Gujjar (Muslim traditions)
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 112161
Joshua Project People ID: 16879
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,199,000
Population all Countries: 3,683,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Gujjar (Muslim traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Gujari (654,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): gju    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Kashmiri (255,000)Dogri (33,000)
Urdu (22,000)Bhadrawahi (15,000)
Balti (8,300)Khowar (5,400)
Kangri (3,000)Chambeali (2,700)
Pahari, Mahasu (2,000)Bhattiyali (1,500)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 29
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralGospel resources links
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Gujari
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Gujjar (Muslim traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Gujjar (Muslim traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Gujjar (Muslim traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Gujari  
    All Religions                              

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