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Halwai (Hindu traditions) in Nepal

Halwai (Hindu traditions)

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Halwai (Hindu traditions) in Nepal map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
96,000 Maithili Hinduism 0.05 % Unknown   

Halwai (Hindu traditions) in Nepal

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Introduction / History
The Halwai people group, also known as the Palma Halwais or Rajkarnikar, are part of a Newar clan and were the original inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. They are an unreached and unengaged group, with about 81,000 people. The traditional occupation of the Halwai people is making candy and sweets, known as "mithai."

The Halwai people are typically well respected socially because of their services to the community and the ritualistic importance of these actions. The Halwai play a key role in celebrations such as marriages and childbirths because of the importance that sweets have for these festivals.

The primary language of the Halwai people group in Nepal is Maithili. If they can read Nepali or Hindi they can usually also read Maithili.

Where are they located?
The Halwai people are located in parts of southern Nepal as well as the Kathmandu Valley and its surrounding cities, Patan and Bhaktapur. Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, is the largest city in Nepal and provides many resources for the Halwai people. It is home to several major pilgrimage sites for some of the world's religions, such as Hinduism and Buddhism. A large number of Halwai also live in India.

What are their lives like?
The primary occupation of the Halwai has traditionally been sweet making. Though this occupation has been declining, there are still sweet shops throughout Nepal. Most Halwai are well off, especially those who live in urban areas.

The Kathmandu Valley has a mild climate most of the year. The average temperature during the day is around 64.4 degrees Fahrenheit, while in July averages are as high as 84.2 degrees Fahrenheit. Nepal experiences a rainy season during the months of June through August, while the months between November to February are dry and cold.

Earthquakes are a recurring natural disaster in Nepal. Pollution such as human and animal waste, and agricultural runoff have damaged some of the environment in Nepal and the places in which the Halwai people live.

The Halwai people are mostly vegetarian. Wheat, rice, lentils, and seasonal fruits and vegetables are a large part of their diet. On occasion they enjoy puri, which is a deep fried wheat bread, potatoes and rice pudding.

The Halwai typically use modern medicines except in the case of minor injuries or illnesses. In those situations, they often use traditional medicines.

The Halwai believe in educating both boys and girls.

Marriages among the Halwai people take place within their own communities. The Halwai practice monogamy and allow divorce. Brides dress to match the traditions of the Hindu religion. A bride smears vermillion powder along her hairline; wears glass bangles, toe-rings, and nose rings; draws a colored dot on her forehead; and decorates her hands with henna ink.

What are their beliefs?
The primary religion of the Halwai people is Hinduism. They worship all the major deities such as Shiva (the destroyer), Durga (Shiva's wife), Rama, and Hanuman. Krishna, who is the most popular incarnation of Vishnu, is also a family deity of a large number of Halwai.

Along with this, the Halwai celebrate all major Hindu festivals such as Holi, Diwali, Ramnavmi, and Janamashtami.

What are their needs?
The Halwai people in Nepal need stability and continuity within their government. Some also need continued aid as they recover from a 2015 earthquake.

Though the Halwai may be financially well off, there is still a need for the gospel to spread among them.

Prayer Points
Pray for God's story to continue throughout Nepal.
Pray for more gospel recordings to be distributed throughout Halwai communities.
Pray for peace between the people of Nepal and its government.
Pray for God to send missionaries to the Halwai people. Pray that they would encounter people of peace.
Pray for the Halwai people to come to Christ without any type of syncretism taking place.
Pray that missionaries who go to Nepal can contextualize the gospel appropriately.

View Halwai (Hindu traditions) in all countries.

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  Submit Update:
Country: Nepal
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:48 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:96,000
Largest Provinces:
Sagarmatha (29,000)Janakpur (23,000)
Kosi (18,000)Lumbini (10,000)
Bheri (3,800)Bagmati (3,100)
Mechi (2,900)Rapti (1,900)
Narayani (1,800)Seti (700)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Halwai (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Halwai (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
हलवाई (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 112199
Joshua Project People ID: 16905
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 96,000
Population all Countries: 1,825,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Halwai (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Maithili (65,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mai    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Awadhi (8,000)Bhojpuri (6,700)
Nepali (2,400)Hindi (900)
Angika (700)Kumaoni (100)
Rangpuri (100)Bantawa (60)
Magahi (60)
Total Languages: 10
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.05 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.95 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoGood News
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Maithili
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Text / Printed MatterBible: Maithili
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Maithili
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Halwai (Hindu traditions) in Nepal

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Halwai (Hindu traditions) Nepal    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Halwai (Hindu traditions) in Nepal          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Maithili  
    All Religions                              

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