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Jarawa in India


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Jarawa in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
400 Jarawa Unknown 0.53 % Unknown No No   

Jarawa in India

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Introduction / History
The Jarawa people have always had a great respect for their environment. They are regarded as descendants of the Jangil tribe, which is now extinct. Some believe the ancestors of the Jarawas were part of the first successful human migrations out of Africa. They are considered a scheduled tribe, which means they hold very little status in this Hindu country.

Where are they located?
The Jarawa tribe is found on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands southeast of India in the Indian Ocean.

What are their lives like?
This is the only tribe which has remained hunters and gatherers in the true sense. They do not depend on government subsidies; instead they fish in the sea or hunt in the jungle. They do not wear city clothes unless they are provided by government officials.

The Indian government set aside a reserve of 1,028 square kilometers of dense evergreen forests for the Jarawa people. However, it has become smaller as more of their land has being used for roads and for mainland migrants. The Andaman Trunk Road runs through their reserve; it's a key threat to this people group. It has pushed Jarawa people to one side of the island, and constant poaching of their game and honey by city dwellers often leaves them without basic provisions. The tribe must go deeper into the jungle to escape from outside dangers.

Several hundred thousand Indian settlers now live on the islands, outnumbering the Jarawa people. The Jarawa population is going down, meaning that their culture is dying. Since they have largely shunned interactions with outsiders, many particulars of their culture and traditions are poorly understood. Contact with unfamiliar people has caused diseases they cannot fight, such as measles. In 1999 measles caused the death of about ten percent of their population. Some of them now suffer from alcoholism, diabetes, obesity, and depression.

What are their beliefs?
It is likely that their beliefs reflect animistic customs of similar forest dwellers.

What are their needs?
Jarawa people need to learn new ways to support themselves, since their entire culture has been uprooted.
The language of Jarawa people is reportedly spoken only by them, and it is unwritten. Gospel Recordings Network (GRN) reports that there are no similar spoken languages or dialects which share the same language code as Jarawa. They are completely monolingual. They have no Bible and no audio or written resources. The remaining Jarawa people desperately need to hear the good news of the gospel. Who will tell them? How will they be told?

Prayer Points
We must pray for broken disciples who will do whatever it takes to reach Jarawa people, and humbly earn their confidence to speak God's love and truth to them.
Pray that God's Holy Spirit will send dreams, visions, or whatever will communicate best to these dear people about their Creator God.
Pray that the false "progress of man" into their forest will be stopped by Almighty God.


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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:400
Largest States:
Andaman and Nicobar Islands (400)
Location in Country:Andaman Islands.
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Jarawa
People Name General: Jarawa
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 112307
Joshua Project People ID: 16994
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 400
Population all Countries: 400
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Jarawa
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Jarawa (400 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): anq    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Unknown
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.53 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown99.47 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 0   No evangelical Christians or churches. No access to major evangelical print, audio, visual, or human resources
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Jarawa in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Jarawa India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Jarawa in India          
      Religion Language  
      Unknown     Jarawa  
    All Religions                              

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