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Jaunsari in India


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Jaunsari in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
111,000 Jaunsari Hinduism 0.05 % Unknown No   

Jaunsari in India

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Introduction / History
The Jaunsari Pahari live primarily in the northern state of Uttarakhand. The term "Pahari" can refer to any mountain dwelling people, but in North India it generally refers to the Indo-European speaking peoples of the Himalayas. The different Paharia groups can be distinguished by region, religion, and caste.

With a culture over 4,000 years old and the world's second largest population, India contains a multitude of closely related people groups. Over thousands of years, these countless groups have migrated into this subcontinent, and many have maintained distinctive cultures. Today, more than 800 languages are spoken in India, and the complex caste system has further divided the people into an endless number of social classes.

The Jaunsari caste system has only three categories: landowners, servants (those involved in a service occupation or art), and Brahmins (Hindu priests). One's "assignment" to a caste is determined by birth.

What are their lives like?
Most of the Jaunsari are farmers. They cultivate terraces on hillsides which produce only meager crops twice a year. Their principal crops are potatoes and rice, and a variety of other vegetables are also grown. Fertilizer is used, as well as a system of plot rotation in which the ground is allowed to lie fallow. Wet rice is grown during the monsoon season, whereas dry rice, maize, millet, and wheat are raised on the drier land during the summer and winter months. Most of the farmers raise buffalo and goats for meat and cows for milk. The villagers live on a simple diet of milk, lentils, a few vegetables, a little fruit, and occasionally meat.

The Jaunsari live in extended families in villages that consist of loosely grouped homes surrounded by the farm land. The villages are generally situated near rivers or springs, and the homes are connected by footpaths. Sometimes the paths meet together near a large tree that is used as a meeting place for the villagers as well as a resting place for travelers.

The houses are rectangular in shape with stone and mortar walls. The roofs are made of slate, wood, or thatch. Doors, windows, and door frames are often ornately carved and painted. The houses usually have two or more stories, with the people living on the second floor and the animals roaming freely on the ground floor.

Like most Hindus, the Jaunsari are required to marry within the same caste. Children, whether born to landowners or to servants, are generally treated well. Breast-feeding may continue until a child is two or three years old. There are many rites of passage for children such as the first rice feeding and the first haircut. Also, girls go through puberty rites and boys go through initiations known as sacred thread ceremonies. When they are about eight years old, the children begin doing domestic chores. Girls help care for the younger children, haul water, and carry food for the animals. Boys usually tend the animals.

Among the landowners, both the men and women share the farming duties. Men use the animals to plow and sow seed, while the women prepare manure for fertilizer, and sift and grind the grain. They also care for the children, cook, keep the house, and tend to the animals, while their husbands are responsible for building the homes, as well as trading goods outside the villages. In families of the lower caste, the men work at a specified occupation.

What are their beliefs?
Virtually all of the Jaunsari are Hindus; however, they are not as strict as most Hindus. They believe in ghosts and demons that haunt the crossroads and rivers, and regularly try to appease them with offerings. The Brahmins (Hindu scholars and priests) perform important domestic rituals and teachings for the people.

What are their needs?
There is a need for gospel materials Jaunsari. Only a few have converted to Christianity.

Prayer Points
Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and share Christ with the Jaunsari.
Pray for God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the soil through worship and intercession.
Ask God to give Jaunsari Christians boldness to share the Gospel with their own people.
Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the people toward Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
Pray that God will open the hearts of India's governmental leaders to the Gospel.

View Jaunsari in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-26
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:111,000
Largest States:
Uttarakhand (104,000)Uttar Pradesh (4,600)
Himachal Pradesh (600)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Jaunsari
People Name General: Jaunsari
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 112314
Joshua Project People ID: 16998
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 111,000
Population all Countries: 111,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Jaunsari
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Jaunsari (88,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): jns    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (2,300)Garhwali (2,000)
Bhili (200)Kumaoni (200)
Nepali (100)Pahari, Mahasu (100)
Kashmiri (100)Kinnauri (50)
Kurux (20)Sikkimese (Unknown)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 21
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.01 % 
Christianity0.05 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.55 % 
Islam0.28 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.03 % 
Unknown0.08 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1895-2009
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Jaunsari
GeneralGospel resources links
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Jaunsari in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Jaunsari India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Jaunsari in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Jaunsari  
    All Religions                              

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