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Jhalo Malo in Bangladesh

Jhalo Malo

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Jhalo Malo in Bangladesh map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
219,000 Bengali Hinduism 0.03 % Unknown   

Jhalo Malo in Bangladesh

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Introduction / History
The Jhalo Malo are a Dalit group of people who live in Bangladesh and India. Malo means "boatman" in Arabic. The traditional occupation of the Jhalo Malo is that of fishing. They fish with nets in the Bay of Bengal and in the rivers of Bangladesh
The Jhalo Malo people are mostly employed in activities related to fishing. Many supervise fish trade while some are employed in fisheries and fishing cooperative societies. Some are self-employed, while others are in salaried jobs. Rural development programs have helped them secure loans for fishing. They have established a caste association for the all-round development of their community.

The Malo also work as landless laborers in agriculture. Unfortunately, the Malo are looked down upon by Hindu and Muslim society. Brahmin castes will not receive food or water from them. Illiteracy is a big problem with many Malo people unable to read or write. The Bangladeshi government is trying to raise the educational and economic levels of the Malo. Much work still needs to be done.

The primary language of the Jhalo Malo is Bengali. Some others speak regional languages of Bangladesh.

Where are they located?
The most Jhalo Malo lives in the Bangladeshi states of Dhaka, Rajshahi and Khulna. Smaller groups live in other Bangladeshi states. A large population of Jhalo Malo lives in northeast India.

What are their lives like?
The lives of the Jhalo Malo are difficult. When fishing is good, they can earn enough money to feed their families. When fishing is bad, they can starve. Landless farm workers often live by the whim of the landowners.

The Jhalo Malo marry within their caste but not within their particular clan or family. Families arrange marriages. Fortunately, child marriage of Jhalo girls is disappearing. Sons inherit their father's property.

Since most Brahmins refuge to associate with them, the Malo priests officiate at important life ceremonies such as births, weddings and funerals. The Malo dead are cremated often near a river.

The main foods of the Jhalo Malo are fish, rice, curries, vegetables and other grains.

As Hindus, they do not eat beef.

What are their beliefs?
The Jhalo Malo are Hindus and devoted to Vishnu, the preserver god and his avatars, especially Rama and Krishna. Malo are often denied entrance into Hindu temples so they have their own shrines and places of worship.

Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Malo visit shrines and offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their god Vishnu and his consort Lakshmi.

The main yearly holidays of the Jhalo Malo people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the celebration of autumn.

What are their needs?
The Jhalo Malo have many spiritual and physical needs. They need help in educating their children. They would benefit by modern medicine. They need help in learning new job skills. Most of all, they need to hear the life changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand.

Prayer Points
Pray that the Lord sends Christian workers to help the Jhalo Malo.
Pray that the Jhalo Malo turn away from Vishnu and open their hearts to Jesus.
Pray that whole families of the Jhalo Malo are brought to the Savior and that Bible believing churches are planted in the Malo community.


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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-10-05
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Country: Bangladesh
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:30 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:219,000
Largest Provinces:
Dhaka (91,000)Khulna (57,000)
Rajshahi (31,000)Sylhet (23,000)
Rangpur (5,800)Chittagong (5,000)
Barisal (2,500)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Jhalo Malo
People Name General: Jhalo Malo
Alternate People Names:
MaloMalo Patni
झालो मालो
ROP3 Code: 112331
Joshua Project People ID: 17007
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 219,000
Population all Countries: 697,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Dalit - other
People Name General: Jhalo Malo
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Bengali (200,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ben    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Sylheti (20,000)Chittagonian (900)
Assamese (400)Bishnupuriya (300)
Kok Borok (50)
Total Languages: 6
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.03 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.97 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1800-1980
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1809-2022
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
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Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Love Story
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Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Bengali
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
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Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
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Text / Printed MatterBible: Bengali
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Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Bengali
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Jhalo Malo in Bangladesh

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Dalit - other     Asia, South    
      Jhalo Malo Bangladesh    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Jhalo Malo in Bangladesh          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Bengali  
    All Religions                              

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