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Kallan unspecified in India

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
970,000 Tamil Hinduism 0.19 % Unknown   

Kallan unspecified in India

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Introduction / History
The Kallar of India, mainly in Tamil Nadu, have several divisions that are similar. One of them is called the Esanattu. They speak, read and write in Tamil. They are not vegetarians but do not eat pork and beef. Rice is a main cereal.

Marriage is practiced only within their own community with cross-cousin marriages the preferred way. Polygamy is allowed if the woman cannot have children. Bride price and dowries are given. Marriage is at the home of the bride. Divorce and remarrying are allowed. There is a birth pollution period. They bury the dead and there is a death pollution period too. Inheritance is passed to the sons.

Hinduism is the main religion with many being of the Shaivite sect. They are mainly landowners. Farming and animal production is their main work. Those who own no land tend to work as laborers. They have traditional councils that settle disagreements. Family planning and modern medicines are used.

Among the Kallar Pramalai, though mostly Hindus, there are some who are Christians also.

Prayer Points
Pray that the leaders of the councils among the Kallar will come to Jesus Christ and lead the others among them to salvation too.
Pray that the Kallar Christians will help bring many to Jesus Christ.

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:970,000
Largest States:
Tamil Nadu (1,086,000)Puducherry (38,000)
Kerala (34,000)Karnataka (2,000)
Delhi (1,600)Maharashtra (700)
West Bengal (400)Andaman and Nicobar Islands (300)
Andhra Pradesh (100)Telangana (50)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kallan unspecified
People Name General: Kallan
Alternate People Names:
Kalari PanichKallar
MukkulathorThanjavur Kallar
Tholko LanTholkollar
ROP3 Code: 112395
Joshua Project People ID: 17057
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 970,000
Population all Countries: 988,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Kallan
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tamil (1,244,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tam    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Malayalam (26,000)English (300)
Total Languages: 3
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.19 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.81 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1714-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1727-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsGeneral Ministry Resources
Audio RecordingsLove letter to you from scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsRecorded oral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralComprehensive list of Tamil Resources
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Tamil
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Tamil
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Kallan unspecified in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Kallan India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kallan unspecified in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Tamil  
    All Religions                              

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