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Kalwar (Hindu traditions) in India

Kalwar (Hindu traditions)

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Kalwar (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,675,000 Hindi Hinduism 0.00 % Unknown   

Kalwar (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The Kalwars were traditionally distillers and sellers of alcohol in north and central India. Their name comes from the Sanskrit word for "distiller of liquor." Since this profession was considered demeaning by most castes in Indian society, many Kalwars around the year 1900 began to leave their original trade for other careers. Although some of the Kalwars still are in the liquor business, most have taken jobs in agriculture, business, the military, government service, medicine, accounting, education and engineering. The Kalwar speak the primary languages of the states where they live including Hindi, Bengali and Magahi.

Where are they located?
The majority of the Kalwars live in the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh.

What are their lives like?
The Kalwars are not vegetarians but they will not eat beef or pork. Rice and wheat are their staples along with vegetables, fruit and dairy products.

The Kalwars are endogamous, that is they do not marry outsiders. Marriage outside of the immediate clan is permitted. Families arrange marriages that are officiated by a Brahim priest. The newly married couple lives with or near the groom's family.

Monogamy (marriage to one spouse) and adult marriage are the general rule. Most Kalwars live in extended families. Sons inherit property with the oldest son receiving the family house and father's authority. Alcoholism is a problem among the Kalwars.

What are their beliefs?
The Kalwars of Hindu tradition worship all the deities of the Hindu pantheon and especially Vishnu, the preserver god and his consort Lakshmi. They also worship two of Vishnu's incarnations, Rama and Krishna.

A priest from their own community performs ceremonies that cure diseases and protect against evil spirits. The dead are cremated and the ashes are put into a river preferably the holy Ganges.

The Kalwar participate in Hindu holidays like Holi, the festival of colors, Navratri, celebration of nine nights, Ramanavmi, the birthday of Rama and Janamashtami, the birthday of Krishna.

What are their needs?
The Kalwar need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ who died for their sins. They need to see Biblical Christianity lived out in the lives of Christians. They need to have the opportunity to join Bible-believing churches in their own people group and language.

Prayer Points
Pray the Lord would send Indian Christians and other believers to befriend and work with the Kalwars.
Pray that each Kalwar would have the opportunity to hear the gospel in an understandable way.
Pray the Lord would begin evangelical churches in the Kalwar community.


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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-08-02
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-29
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-03-09
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:2,675,000
Largest States:
Bihar (1,461,000)Uttar Pradesh (999,000)
Chhattisgarh (474,000)Jharkhand (312,000)
Maharashtra (241,000)Madhya Pradesh (233,000)
West Bengal (106,000)Odisha (19,000)
Uttarakhand (6,600)Sikkim (1,100)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kalwar (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Kalwar (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
कलवार (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 112399
Joshua Project People ID: 17061
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,675,000
Population all Countries: 2,807,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Kalwar (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hindi (2,152,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bhojpuri (615,000)Chhattisgarhi (313,000)
Marathi (201,000)Maithili (192,000)
Bengali (121,000)Magahi (98,000)
Awadhi (62,000)Kanauji (24,000)
Odia (17,000)Angika (16,000)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 24
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.06 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.94 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1835-2019
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoA Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / VideoCoconuts
Film / VideoCreation to Christ
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoLove letter to you from scripture
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoRivka video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralYeshu Samaj
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Hindi
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Kalwar (Hindu traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Kalwar (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kalwar (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hindi  
    All Religions                              

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