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Karmali in Bangladesh

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Karmali in Bangladesh map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
3,000 Sylheti Hinduism 10.97 % Unknown No   

Karmali in Bangladesh

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Introduction / History
The Karmali of India are a Scheduled Tribe in the state of Jharkhand. They are mostly in Bokaro, Hazaribagh, Ranchi, Santhal Parganas and Singhbhum.

What are their lives like?
The Karmali build their homes with mud walls and with tiles and bamboo. Their houses are rectangular in shape and they themselves make the wooden doors. They breed and eat pigs and, as a result, other tribes regard them as low caste and do not accept food and water from them. The Karmali weave baskets and the women wear ornaments. The Karmali are monogamous. When the women cannot have children through barrenness, bigamy and trigamy is permitted and is also allowed for men and women whose marriage partner has died. They are endogamous and have clan exogamy. This means they marry within the group but not within their same clan. Marriage between tribes is not permitted.

In marriage there is a bride price paid in cash or with goods by the father of the groom. The fathers or guardians arrange the marriage. The boy's father contacts the girl's father at marriage time. The village priest helps to arrange the date of the marriage. A soil digging ritual is performed by the females in both houses. The couple has bathing and food regulations. Oil is put on the couple and they are blessed by the families. They have a feast. The bride stays for a week and the father of the bride takes her home where she stays for a year.

The Karmali make, sharpen and repair tools and they sell to tribes who are involved in agricultural tribes and castes. They make house and agriculture tools such as axes and sickles. Now they are having difficulty in getting raw materials and daily wage earning has become a way of making money.

The Karmali have a community Panchayat and all family leaders are members. The leader is called Mahato and is also the village chief. Cases such as divorce, adultery, rape and unfaithfulness in marriage are listened to and then a decision is given.

The Karmali kinship goes according to parentage and marriage. The lineage is through the fathers. Kin are classed by how near and distant they are.

What are their beliefs?
The Karmali are Hindus. The main god they worship is Singbonga. Their religious priest is Pahan. They worship other gods too. They believe that spirits of the ancestors live in the house and along with the priest they give sacrifices to the gods and spirits. They believe in witchcraft. They celebrate festivals.


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Country: Bangladesh
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:31 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:3,000
Largest Provinces:
Sylhet (3,000)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Karmali
People Name General: Karmali
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 112444
Joshua Project People ID: 17102
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 3,000
Population all Countries: 133,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Karmali
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Sylheti (2,200 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): syl    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (500)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity10.97 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism87.92 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown1.12 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1993
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Sylheti
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Text / Printed MatterBible: Sylheti
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible Text (Scripture Earth)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Karmali in Bangladesh

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Karmali Bangladesh    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Karmali in Bangladesh          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Sylheti  
    All Religions                              

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