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Kisan in India


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,926,000 Hindi Hinduism 1.67 % Unknown   

Kisan in India

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Introduction / History
Operation World states, "India's ancient, complex, and often difficult to understand past, it's racial, ethnic, religious, and linguistic diversity, and the caste system, all make detailed population analysis very difficult."

Kisan people are classed as a scheduled caste. This benefits them in work, parliament, and in other areas. Kisan means "farmer."

Where are they located?
Kisan people live in India, in the states of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa. Many Kisan may now be living in Jharkhand in India. They are called by names according to the states in which they live.

What are their lives like?
Kisan use the languages of the states in which they live, however, there is general knowledge of spoken Hindi and Urdu. This is notable, because written and audio scriptural resources are available in these languages.

Kisan are landowners, who cultivate, and agriculture is their main occupation. Those who have no land usually work as agricultural laborers. In West Bengal, they often work on tea plantations.

Many Kisan are tribal peasants who sell honey and wild flowers. They eat rice, mutton, poultry and eggs among other foods. The Kisan men drink alcohol, mostly locally brewed, or home brewed.

Many parents cannot afford education for their children, so many have literacy problems. Many are victims of private moneylenders who charge high interests.

They prefer adult marriages. Marriage with the daughter of a mother's brother is accepted, except in Behar. Divorce is allowed in cases such as adultery, cruelty, and impotence. Parental property is divided equally among the sons. Women have roles in money, social, and religious matters. They have traditional councils at the village level to solve disputes.

What are their beliefs?
Millions of Hindu pilgrims visit Varanasi on the Ganges River, but they will not find there the Living Water of the One who died in their place to pay the penalty for their sin. Kisan are Hindus and worship all the man gods and goddesses. They also worship gods from their tribal roots. They observe Hindu festivals. The Brahmin priests are called Purohit, and local priests perform ceremonies. They use medicine men.

Kisan have pollution periods for both births and deaths. In West Bengal, the dead are mainly cremated, and in Orissa, they are buried.

What are their needs?
Human suffering and disease is immense. Cities are crowded and polluted. Rural areas have no amenities, infrastructure, or power. There is a severe shortage of health care facilities. Disease is widespread. Medical care and instruction are desperately needed.

Kisan people are unreached. Uttar Predesh, alone, possibly represents the most intense concentration of unevangelized people and groups in the world, and therefore, the greatest mission challenge. Thankfully, this is changing today.

Prayer Points
Pray that use of the JESUS Film in Hindi and Urdu will bare much spiritual fruit as Kisan people see and hear God's truth, and that churches will be planted as a result.
Pray for a major mobilization of prayer in churches worldwide for Kisan people.


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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,926,000
Largest States:
Uttar Pradesh (1,305,000)Odisha (391,000)
West Bengal (115,000)Jharkhand (44,000)
Bihar (34,000)Uttarakhand (13,000)
Assam (6,600)Arunachal Pradesh (1,200)
Tripura (900)Chhattisgarh (300)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kisan
People Name General: Kisan
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 112559
Joshua Project People ID: 17195
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,926,000
Population all Countries: 1,936,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Kisan
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hindi (686,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Awadhi (274,000)Kanauji (197,000)
Kurux (188,000)Odia (138,000)
Bengali (87,000)Chhattisgarhi (6,800)
Maithili (6,000)Sadri (5,700)
Kumaoni (4,800)Santhali (4,100)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 54
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.01 % 
Christianity1.67 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism96.72 % 
Islam0.06 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown1.54 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1835-2019
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoLove letter to you from scripture
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoRivka video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Hindi
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Kisan in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Kisan India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kisan in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hindi  
    All Religions                              

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