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Kandra in India

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Kandra in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
787,000 Odia Hinduism 0.14 % Unknown   

Kandra in India

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Introduction / History
The Kandra or Kondara are a scheduled caste in India. They are Hindus by religion. In Orissa they speak, read and write in Oriya. They are endogamous (meaning they prefer to marry within their group) and they work in cultivation. They have a low literacy level, so the gospel will need to be given in oral form as well as written.

The Kandra also live in West Bengal. They fish and are laborers. They speak Bengali. Most of them do not own land. They are not vegetarians and eat rice as a cereal.

In Andhra Pradesh the Kandra speak Oriya and Telugu. They prefer cross-cousin marriages. Divorce is allowed. When the father dies the property goes to the sons and the oldest son becomes in charge of the home. The dead are buried and cremated. Most of them do fishing for a living. They use modern medicines and do family planning.

Prayer Points
Pray that God will give the Kandra dreams and visions leading them to Jesus Christ.
Pray that gospel recordings will lead them to salvation too.

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-11-13
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:787,000
Largest States:
Odisha (625,000)West Bengal (132,000)
Chhattisgarh (9,800)Andhra Pradesh (5,500)
Assam (3,300)Jharkhand (1,800)
Tripura (1,100)Manipur (800)
Maharashtra (400)Bihar (300)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kandra
People Name General: Kandra
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 112585
Joshua Project People ID: 17219
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 787,000
Population all Countries: 787,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Dalit - other
People Name General: Kandra
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Odia (517,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ory    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (118,000)Hindi (23,000)
Kuvi (1,500)Assamese (1,200)
Chhattisgarhi (1,100)Telugu (500)
Maithili (400)Santhali (300)
Ho (300)Kui (300)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 15
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.09 % 
Christianity0.14 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.77 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1811-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1815-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Odia
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoRivka video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Odia
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Kandra in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Dalit - other     Asia, South    
      Kandra India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kandra in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Odia  
    All Religions                              

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