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Kurmi (Hindu traditions) in Bangladesh

Kurmi (Hindu traditions)

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Kurmi (Hindu traditions) in Bangladesh map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
70,000 Bengali Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Kurmi (Hindu traditions) in Bangladesh

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Introduction / History
Kurmi is the name given to a Hindu caste residing in India and Bangladesh. The caste system is a pattern of social stratification associated with Hinduism. The word kurmi is related to the word karmi derived from the word karma (meaning action or merit). Defining caste by karma instead of by lineage and birth was a major change in defining caste. The Kurmi are also known as Kunbi.

The Kurmi are believed to be descendants of some of the earliest Aryan immigrants to India and come from the Kshatriyas (warrior caste) who later became farmers. Kurmi are known in India as a chief agricultural caste. Those in Bangladesh probably have lower status.

Where are they located?
Most members of the Kurmi community are in India, but a smaller number live further east in neighboring Bangladesh, a Muslim country.

What are their lives like?
Modern Kurmi in India are relatively prosperous and educated. Their lifestyle is associated with farming and trading. Due to their agricultural link, some people view the Kurmi as one of the "backward" or lower castes rather than as Kshatriyas, a "forward" privileged caste. As often happens among Hindu communities, people try to consider themselves to have high status and caste before other groups, but they also claim low caste status before the government in order to get reserved jobs and placement in colleges. One source describes the Kurmi in Bangladesh as common tea workers, which may or may not be true.

What are their beliefs?
A key issue for the Kurmi is their desire to be recognized by other castes as belonging to the high status warrior caste. High caste status gives them a false sense of pride. Most likely this caste consciousness is less prevalent in Bangladesh, a Muslim country where Hindus are a minority.

What are their needs?
The Kurmi people need the humility to accept God on His terms, which is salvation through Jesus Christ. They also need people to go to them with the gospel, whether they be in India or Bangladesh.

Prayer Points
Pray for Holy Spirit-directed workers to go to the Kurmi people in Bangladesh.
Pray that the Kurmi people may realize that Jesus is their only hope for salvation.
The Lion of Judah is offering the Kurmi the right to become a special people if they put their sense of worth in the person of Jesus Christ rather than in caste status. Pray for this to happen.
Pray for a strong church planting movement among the Kurmi people in India and Bangladesh.


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Country: Bangladesh
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:30 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:70,000
Largest Provinces:
Rangpur (24,000)Rajshahi (18,000)
Sylhet (13,000)Dhaka (5,900)
Khulna (4,200)Chittagong (3,500)
Barisal (500)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kurmi (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Kurmi (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
कुर्मी (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 112717
Joshua Project People ID: 17334
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 70,000
Population all Countries: 22,819,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - Kurmi
People Name General: Kurmi (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Bengali (58,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ben    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Sylheti (11,000)Chittagonian (2,400)
Assamese (300)
Total Languages: 4
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism100.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1800-1980
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1809-2022
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
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Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
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Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Bengali
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Text / Printed MatterBible: Bengali
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Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Bengali
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Kurmi (Hindu traditions) in Bangladesh

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - Kurmi     Asia, South    
      Kurmi (Hindu traditions) Bangladesh    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kurmi (Hindu traditions) in Bangladesh          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Bengali  
    All Religions                              

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