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Kuruba in India


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
4,857,000 Kannada Hinduism 1.04 % Unknown   

Kuruba in India

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Introduction / History
The term 'Kurumbar' is shared by five tribal groups who are found in the Western Ghats (politically part of Mysore, Nilgiri, Wayanad, Coimbatore and Palakkad districts). In addition the term 'Kurumbar' is used for Kurumbar Gounder, a scheduled caste living in the plains of Coimbatore and a few other districts of Tamil Nadu. Research shows that there is more disparity between these groups than similarity. Separate population figures are not available for many of these groups individually, only for the Kurumbar in general.

The Kurumbar in Attapady are also known as Pal Kurumbar. Alu Kurumbars are also known as Pal Kurumba, Halu Kurumba and Non-standard Kannada. The Alu Kurumba in Tamil Nadu speak a dialect form of the language of the Alu Kurumba In Kerala. Research has revealed that the similarity between these two dialects is so small that the language spoken by Alu Kurumba in Tamil Nadu would be considered a separate language. The Kurumbar in Attapady are hill tribes who have settled in the steeply sloping tract of thick forest. They are the least developed of the three tribes in Attapady. Approximately 20 Kurumbar settlements are found in the steep walled narrow valley of the Bhavani river which is in Kerala.

Each village has a headman, selected by heredity or election. The people used to live in huts built of bamboo. Nowadays the government builds most of the houses for them. Anavayi is considered to be their original settlement. Mat weaving and basketry are the crafts of the Kurumbar. Both men and women perform folkdances. According to the census, the Kurumbar are followers of Hinduism. Along with the Mudugar and the Irular, the Kurumbar treat the 'Malleswaran Peak' as their deity. They worship ancestors' spirits as their clan deities. They have sacred specialists for their ceremonies. They celebrate Ammapooja, Paipooja, and Nombi festivals.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-09-12
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:4,857,000
Largest States:
Karnataka (3,840,000)Tamil Nadu (896,000)
Maharashtra (40,000)Andhra Pradesh (26,000)
Chhattisgarh (5,500)Telangana (4,300)
Kerala (3,000)Puducherry (2,100)
Goa (1,700)Delhi (600)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kuruba
People Name General: Kuruba
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 112719
Joshua Project People ID: 17336
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 4,857,000
Population all Countries: 4,857,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Kuruba
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Kannada (3,181,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): kan    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Tamil (383,000)Telugu (286,000)
Kurumba, Kannada (281,000)Konkani (7,800)
Tulu (5,700)Kurumba, Jennu (3,400)
Kurumba, Alu (3,000)Malayalam (1,900)
Konkani, Goan (1,800)Bellari (1,500)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 17
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.01 % 
Christianity1.04 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism98.95 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.01 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1812-1988
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1827-2022
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsLove letter to you from scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Bible
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsOral Bible Stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Kannada
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppBible app direct APK download
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Kannada
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Kannada
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Kuruba in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Kuruba India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kuruba in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Kannada  
    All Religions                              

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