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Lunia (Hindu traditions) in India

Lunia (Hindu traditions)

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Lunia (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
3,770,000 Hindi Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Lunia (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The name Lunia comes from Lun or Nun meaning "moist," and is the name for sea salt. Hindu society classes Lunia people as the lowest of the four caste blocks.

Where are they located?
They live in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and a small number are in West Bengal where they are classed as a scheduled caste.

What are their lives like?
Lunia people farm, build roads, and railways, do various construction work, and dig wells. Many are farmers on small plots of land that they own. A select few work in government as political leaders, and in private occupations. Others are doctors or lawyers.
Lunias marry only among their sub-caste or subgroup. They accept both adult and child marriages. The bridegroom goes to the home of his bride, marries her, and they live in the home of his parents. Usually marriages are arranged by negotiation. They permit divorce and
When the father dies, the oldest son becomes leader of the family. Sons and daughters inherit the property of their parents equally. The widowed mother receives some income if she does not marry again.

Opinions of women are considered, but the final decisions are made by men. Lunia women do housework, collect firewood, and participate in rituals, social and religious matters.

Lunia have a regional association in Kanpur and Delhi to promote their needs to the government. Crime is common where they live.

They speak in Hindi and read and write in Devanagari.

What are their beliefs?
Lunia people are Hindus, worshiping many gods and goddesses. They also worship their ancestors and celebrate Hindu festivals. Varanasi is the main pilgrimage place for these Hindus. Brahmin priests perform birth, marriage and death rituals for them. The deceased are cremated, but children less than five years old are buried. Birth and death pollution periods take place for a set time.

What are their needs?
Written, audio, and visual Scripture resources exist in the Hindi language. Lunia people need primarily audio and visual resources since their literacy level is below national average.
They need to understand that the gods they worship cannot give them eternal life, nor can they correct their sin problems. Lunia people are unreached.

Prayer Points
Pray that doors will open wide to the use of the JESUS Film in Hindi and that much fruit will abound including house churches.
Pray for a major mobilization of prayer worldwide for Lunia people.
Pray for entire clans and extended Lunia families to embrace the Savior and begin house churches.


View Lunia (Hindu traditions) in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-23
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-02-05
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:3,770,000
Largest States:
Uttar Pradesh (2,153,000)Bihar (1,431,000)
West Bengal (72,000)Madhya Pradesh (44,000)
Jharkhand (24,000)Maharashtra (4,900)
Uttarakhand (3,000)Odisha (2,200)
Assam (1,900)Tripura (1,600)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Lunia (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Lunia (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
Jhumaria ParmerKharwat
ROP3 Code: 112789
Joshua Project People ID: 17391
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 3,770,000
Population all Countries: 3,889,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Lunia (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hindi (1,870,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bhojpuri (937,000)Maithili (111,000)
Awadhi (105,000)Bengali (60,000)
Kanauji (40,000)Magahi (25,000)
Bagheli (8,100)Chhattisgarhi (3,100)
Bundeli (2,300)Angika (2,100)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 23
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism100.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1835-2019
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoLove letter to you from scripture
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoRivka video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Hindi
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Lunia (Hindu traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Lunia (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Lunia (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hindi  
    All Religions                              

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