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Makwana (Hindu traditions) in India

Makwana (Hindu traditions)

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Makwana (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
79,000 Gujarati Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Makwana (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
Makwana is a sub-group of the larger Koli caste. In the 19th century the Makwana could not or would not pay their taxes to the British government. As a result, the land of the Makwana was taken away and given to other castes. The Makwana began raiding and stealing from the occupants of their former land. The British then classified the Makwana are a Criminal Caste. The Makwana started a rebellion against the British in 1914 while the British were fighting in WWI.
Upon the Partition of India in 1947, the new government granted the Makwana status as an Other Backward Caste which means they are eligible for certain government jobs and special university admissions. As Makwana have become educated, many have become successful businesspersons. Many Makwana still work in their traditional occupations of agriculture and fishing.
The Makwana speak Gujarati as their primary language. Educated Makwana also speak Hindi and English. A revised complete Gujarati Bible became available in 2021. Most Makwana live in the western Indian state of Gujarat.

What are their lives like?
The lifestyle of the Makwana depends much upon their educational level. College graduates work in Gujarati cities. They own businesses and work as managers and business employees. Less educated Makwana maintain in rural areas work farmers and fishermen. Some Makwana own the land they farm while others work on land as tenants. Their main crops are rice, vegetables, fruits, tea, bananas, palm oil, and grains.
Many young Makwana are leaving their homes in rural areas and moving to cities looking for economic and educational opportunities.
Monogamy or marriage to one spouse is the norm. Makwana tend to marry within their group.

What are their beliefs?
The large majority of the Makwana are Hindus. A small number became Muslims during the period when Muslims dominated the government of Gujarat. The central god of the Makwana is Krishna, the 8th avatar of Vishnu, the preserver god.
Hinduism is the ancient religion of India. Hinduism is a catch-all phrase for the local religions of South Asia, so it is very diverse. At the popular level, Hindus worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods as Christians do. There are other Hindus who are much more philosophical, especially among the Brahmins.
Almost all Hindus participate in yearly celebrations like Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring / Diwali, the festival of lights / Navratri, the celebration of autumn / and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.
There are few if any Christians among the Makwana of India.

What are their needs?
The worldview of a Hindu is much different than the one of Christians. The Makwana must come to understand that there is only one true Creator God. He is absolutely holy and hates sin. The Makwana will need to see the love and holiness of Christ demonstrated by believers.

Prayer Points
Ask the Lord to send workers to the Hindu Makwana of western India.
Pray the Lord moves Indian believers to reach out to and build redemptive relationships with the Makwana.
Pray that the Lord leads Makwana to tune into Gujarati radio programs and read the Gujarati Bible.
Pray for the Holy Spirit to raise up a disciple making movement among the Makwana of India.


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  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:79,000
Largest States:
Gujarat (78,000)Madhya Pradesh (50)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Makwana (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Makwana (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
मकवाना (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 112822
Joshua Project People ID: 17421
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 79,000
Population all Countries: 79,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Makwana (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Gujarati (66,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): guj    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Koli, Wadiyari (200)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism100.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1809-1965
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1823-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Gujarati
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Gujarati
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Gujarati
Text / Printed MatterLove letter to you from scripture
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Makwana (Hindu traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Makwana (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Makwana (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Gujarati  
    All Religions                              

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