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Mal (Hindu traditions) in India

Mal (Hindu traditions)

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Mal (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,775,000 Hindi Hinduism 0.01 % Unknown   

Mal (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The Mal of India are cultivators. Some of them are village watchmen. The word Mal means soldiers.

In Bihar, the Mal speak Hindi and read and write in Devanagari. They are not vegetarians. They eat rice as their main cereal and have vegetables also. They are endogamous, which means they prefer to marry within their ethnic community. Divorce and marrying again is allowed among them. Inheritance on the death of the father goes to the sons with the oldest son becoming in charge of the home. The women help the men with financial matters. Young boys herd cows. There are marriage rituals and a death pollution period. A community council controls social matters. Most of the Mal are laborers with no land of their own. They are Hindus and have their own community festivals.

In West Bengal, many of the Mal live in the Birbhum region but live in most parts of the state. They are a Scheduled Caste. They do not eat beef or pork. The Mal there are similar to the Mal living in Bihar but they speak, read and write in Bengali.

The Mal have a low literacy level which means the gospel needs to be given in oral form too.

Prayer Points
* Pray that God gives the Mal dreams and visions leading them to Jesus Christ.
* Pray that the community leaders among them will come to Jesus Christ and lead the other Mal to salvation also.

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

View Mal (Hindu traditions) in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-10-07
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-02-23
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:1,775,000
Largest States:
Bihar (1,350,000)West Bengal (303,000)
Jharkhand (90,000)Odisha (7,800)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands (1,300)Uttar Pradesh (1,300)
Delhi (800)Chhattisgarh (700)
Maharashtra (700)Meghalaya (600)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Mal (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Mal (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
माल (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 112825
Joshua Project People ID: 17424
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,775,000
Population all Countries: 1,800,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Mal (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hindi (806,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bhojpuri (428,000)Bengali (311,000)
Maithili (163,000)Magahi (46,000)
Odia (4,300)Angika (2,000)
Andaman Hindi Creole (100)Kannada (60)
Assamese (Unknown)
Total Languages: 10
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.01 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.99 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1835-2012
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Hindi
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoA Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / VideoCoconuts
Film / VideoCreation to Christ
Film / VideoFather's Love Letter
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
GeneralYeshu Samaj
Mobile AppDownload Audio Bible app as APK File fro ...
Mobile AppDownload Audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version (SuperBible)
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi Holy Bible
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path (Hindi)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Mal (Hindu traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Mal (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Mal (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hindi  
    All Religions                              

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