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Maravan in India


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Maravan in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
3,366,000 Tamil Hinduism 2.45 % Unknown   

Maravan in India

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Introduction / History
The Maravans of south India claim to be descendants of ancient Tamil kings. Their name means "warrior" in the Tamil language. Traditionally the Maravans were the army of the Tamil dynasties. The Maravans also owned land and worked as farmers. Most lived in the rural areas, not in cities.

The Indian government has classified the Maravan as an Other Backward Class because of their widespread poverty and lower educational level. As an OBC, the Maravans are guaranteed positions in government and education. Many Maravan young people are taking advantage of their educational opportunities and obtaining careers as military officers and as leaders in business and government.

The large majority of the Maravans speak Tamil as their first language. Many also speak other south Indian languages.

Where are they located?
The vast majority of the Maravans live in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Others also live in nearby Kerala and Karnataka.

What are their lives like?
The main occupations of the Maravans are still farming and the military. Both men and woman work in the fields. Some of the younger educated Maravans are branching into different careers and moving to the large cities of south India.

The Maravan eat meat except for beef and pork. Rice is the main staple along with vegetables, fruits and dairy products.
The Maravans marry within their group, sometimes first and second cousins. The sons inherit the family lands and wealth. Divorce and remarriage is allowed.

What are their beliefs?
The huge majority of Maravans are Hindus. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon and celebrate the major Hindu holidays.

The mother-warrior goddess Durga is given special place among the Maravans. She is pictured as having eight arms with weapons in each of her hands and seated upon a tiger or lion. The festival of Navratri celebrates nine nights dedicated to the nine divine forms of goddess Durga. She is believes to possess divine feminine energy or shakti capable of defeating the power of demons.

A small group of Maravan is Christians.

What are their needs?
The Maravan need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in their Tamil language. They need to see Christ's love lived out before them. Christian schools and Christian teachers would be particularly helpful in meeting the educational needs of the Maravans.

Prayer Points
Pray that the Lord sends Christian teachers and evangelists to the Maravans.
Pray the Maravans see their need for the Prince of Peace and the forgiveness that he offers.
Pray that the Christian Maravans receive training and become leaders in a growing Maravan church.


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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-10-06
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:3,366,000
Largest States:
Tamil Nadu (3,182,000)Kerala (96,000)
Karnataka (26,000)Puducherry (17,000)
Maharashtra (7,200)Andhra Pradesh (7,100)
Delhi (2,000)Telangana (1,100)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands (900)Gujarat (500)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Maravan
People Name General: Maravan
Alternate People Names:
KallaKalla Kammar
ROP3 Code: 112867
Joshua Project People ID: 17459
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 3,366,000
Population all Countries: 3,468,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Forward Caste - other
People Name General: Maravan
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tamil (3,149,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tam    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Malayalam (54,000)Telugu (3,200)
Kannada (800)English (700)
Konkani, Goan (10)
Total Languages: 6
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity2.45 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism97.55 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1714-1956
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1727-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsGeneral Ministry Resources
Audio RecordingsLove letter to you from scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsRecorded oral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFinding Peace
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralComprehensive list of Tamil Resources
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppBible app direct APK download
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Tamil
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Tamil
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Maravan in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Forward Caste - other     Asia, South    
      Maravan India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Maravan in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Tamil  
    All Religions                              

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