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Perna (Muslim traditions) in India



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Map source: Omid / Joshua Project
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
300 Punjabi, Eastern Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Perna (Muslim traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
In 1871, British colonialists labeled the Perna as a “criminal tribe” and a “Denotified and Nomadic Tribe.” Both of these labels stigmatized them, and it still causes them problems today, more than 60 years after the newly independent Indian government took them out of these categories. Though they were once nomads, they are now in settled communities. They are now a Scheduled Caste, which means they have low status. Also, many Pernas do not want to come out publicly and say that they are from a “criminal” tribe. Most do not know about their rights.

Though they are mainly Hindu, some converted to Islam hundreds of years ago, and retain this religion today.

Where are they located?
Muslim Perna people in India live in Punjab state, though most live over the border in Pakistan. Some live in New Delhi as well. The Hindu Perna community is much larger than the Muslim one.

What are their lives like?
Most are landless farm workers, though some own their own farms. Commonly they are moving to cities to take on construction jobs. Unfortunately, it is common in the Perna community for a wife to be sold into prostitution by her in-laws after she bears her first child. Her husband usually doesn’t work. She must “work” from 11 at night till 7 in the morning, come home and take care of the needs of her family members. Her mother in law usually collects the money from her. Perna women adamantly do not want their daughters to go into sex work, so they try to get them into good schools.

What are their beliefs?
Muslim Perna people are Sunni, the largest branch of Islam. They believe that the One, Supreme God, Allah, spoken through his prophet, Mohammed, and taught mankind how to live a righteous life through the Koran and the Hadith.

The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah. In most of the Muslim world, peoples depend on the spirit world for their daily needs since they regard Allah as too distant. Allah may determine their eternal salvation, but the spirits determine how well we live in our daily lives. For that reason, they must appease the spirits. They often use charms and amulets to help them with spiritual forces.

What are their needs?
The Perna people need a constructive way to earn a living. Perhaps believers can help their women with the trauma of being prostitutes and teach them marketable skills.

Prayer Points
* Pray for a movement of Jesus to heal and strengthen Perna families.
* Pray for a "Book of Acts" type of movement to Christ among the Perna.
* Pray for the Perna people to understand and embrace that Jesus wants to bless their families and neighborhoods.
* Pray for Holy Spirit anointed believers from the Perna people to change their society from within.
* Pray for a movement in which the Holy Spirit leads and empowers Perna disciples to make more disciples.

References
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/17866/IN
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perna_caste
https://psmag.com/social-justice/india-perna-caste-new-delhi-prostitution-rape-womens-rights-58957
https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2016/11/indian-caste-prostitution-hereditary-161122124031163.html
https://www.youthkiawaaz.com/2017/02/perna-women-in-india/
https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/04/30/518156410/the-surprising-wishes-of-indias-sex-workers

View Perna (Muslim traditions) in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:300
Largest States:
Punjab (200)Jammu and Kashmir (100)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Perna (Muslim traditions)
People Name General: Perna (Muslim traditions)
Alternate People Names:
BangaliGad Jhir
ParnaPerna
पेरणा (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 113104
Joshua Project People ID: 17664
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 300
Population all Countries: 12,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Muslim - other
People Name General: Perna (Muslim traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Punjabi, Eastern (200 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pan    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Dogri (80)Urdu (30)
Total Languages: 3
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1818-1954
New Testament:
1815-2011Audio
Complete Bible: 1818-2017
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoEyes of the Heart
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoSatsung of the Sadguru Jesus
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoWho Can Help You?
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ - Panjabi
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Perna (Muslim traditions) in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Asia Muslim - other     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Perna (Muslim traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Perna (Muslim traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Punjabi, Eastern  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=17664&rog3=IN